Detection of heart-type fatty acid-binding protein (h-FABP) using piezoresistive polymer microcantilevers functionalized by a dry method

Agarwal, D. K., Prasad, A. , Vinchurkar, M., Gandhi, S., Prabhakar, D., Mukherji, S. and Rao, V. R. (2018) Detection of heart-type fatty acid-binding protein (h-FABP) using piezoresistive polymer microcantilevers functionalized by a dry method. Applied Nanoscience, 8(5), pp. 1031-1042. (doi:10.1007/s13204-018-0723-y)

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Abstract

Piezoresistive microcantilever-based sensor platform is being used for the last two decades due to their low cost, rapid response and label-free detection system. In this work, we are reporting a microfabricated piezoresistive SU-8/carbon black (polymer cantilever)-based sensor platform for the detection of a clinically important early-stage cardiac marker, i.e., fatty acid-binding protein. It is a most preferred cardiac marker for the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction. The embodiment of the sensor is a SU-8 microcantilever chip with an integrated nanoparticle composite (carbon black) as a piezoresistor for on-chip electrical transduction. Prior to improving the sensing and susceptibility towards the specific target biomolecule (i.e., h-FABP), the fabricated SU-8 polymer cantilevers were subjected to tailored functionalization. This includes the use of an in-house dry method of hot wire chemical vapour deposition technique to graft amine groups onto the SU-8 surface. The surface-modified microcantilevers were further integrated with a polydimethylsiloxane liquid flow cell and connected externally with an electrical read-out system. Immobilization of the antibody corresponding to the marker protein on the microcantilever surface and subsequent recording of the signal generated upon the antibody–antigen interaction were carried out inside the liquid flow cell. Using our optimized immobilization protocol with this experimental set-up, we were successfully able to detect h-FABP concentration as low as 100 ng/ml.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Prasad, Dr Abhinav
Authors: Agarwal, D. K., Prasad, A., Vinchurkar, M., Gandhi, S., Prabhakar, D., Mukherji, S., and Rao, V. R.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Journal Name:Applied Nanoscience
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:2190-5509
ISSN (Online):2190-5517
Published Online:19 March 2018

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