Meeting the information needs of the 'Health for all' challenge - lessons from Scotland

Hanlon, P.W., Walsh, D. and Whyte, B.W. (2005) Meeting the information needs of the 'Health for all' challenge - lessons from Scotland. Public Health, 119(12), pp. 1088-1096. (doi: 10.1016/j.puhe.2005.06.002) (PMID:16212995)

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Abstract

Objective: To create a public health data resource for Scotland that is based on a socio-ecological model of the determinants of health and would, therefore, meets the needs of the emerging public health agenda. Design: Action research, in which the approach moved logically through stages of action (conception, feasibility study, pilot projects, leading to a national set of integrated health and well-being profiles). Each stage built on the results of the previous research. Results: The conceptual stage identified the need for an approach to public health data that kept pace with the increasingly accepted socio-ecological models of the determinants of health. A feasibility study concluded that sufficient data were available to populate the health fields that represented the important determinants of health. At this time strengths and weakness in data were defined. This led to the articulation of a ‘vision’ for integrated public heath data in Scotland that was the subject of a wide consultation. Pilot studies provided local stakeholders with imaginatively presented data (on population demographics, health and function, behaviour, social environment, economy, physical environment, morbidity and mortality) for their local communities. The response to these was so positive that a demand was created for a comprehensive set of ‘community profiles’. These, in addition to parliamentary constituency profiles, have now been created and widely disseminated. Conclusions: It has been possible, despite many difficulties, to develop approaches to public health information that are informed by the socio-ecological model of health and create outputs that represent a significant advance on previous approaches to public health data. This is a work in progress and many issues remain unresolved. Interaction with others engaged in parallel tasks will facilitate the next steps.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Whyte, Mr Bruce and Hanlon, Professor Philip and Walsh, Dr David
Authors: Hanlon, P.W., Walsh, D., and Whyte, B.W.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Public Health
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Centre for Population and Health Sciences
Journal Name:Public Health
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0033-3506
ISSN (Online):1476-5616
Published Online:05 October 2005

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