The interaction of genetic determinants in the outcome of HCV infection: evidence for discrete immunological pathways

Hydes, T. J., Moesker, B., Traherne, J. A., Ashraf, S. , Alexander, G. J., Dimitrov, B. D., Woelk, C. H., Trowsdale, J. and Khakoo, S. I. (2015) The interaction of genetic determinants in the outcome of HCV infection: evidence for discrete immunological pathways. Tissue Antigens, 86(4), pp. 267-275. (doi: 10.1111/tan.12650) (PMID:26381047) (PMCID:PMC4858811)

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Abstract

Diversity within the innate and adaptive immune response to hepatitis C is important in determining spontaneous resolution (SR) and treatment response. The aim of this study was to analyze how these variables interact in combination; furthering our understanding of the mechanisms that drive successful immunological clearance. Multivariate analysis was performed on retrospectively collected data for 357 patients previously genotyped for interferon (IFN)‐λ3/4, killer cell immunoglobulin (KIR), human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I and II and tapasin. High resolution KIR genotyping was performed for individuals with chronic infection and haplotypes determined. Outcomes for SR, IFN response and cirrhosis were examined. Statistical analysis included univariate methods, χ2 test for trend, multivariate logistic regression, synergy and principal component analysis (PCA). Although KIR2DL3:HLA‐C1C1 (P = 0.027), IFN‐λ3/4 rs12979860 CC (P = 0.027), tapasin G in individuals with aspartate at residue 114 of HLA‐B (TapG:HLA‐B114D) (P = 0.007) and HLA‐DRB1*04:01 (P = 0.014) were associated with SR with a strong additive influence (χ2 test for trend P < 0.0001); favorable polymorphisms did not interact synergistically, nor did patients cluster by outcome. In the treatment cohort, IFN‐λ3/4 rs12979860 CC was protective in hepatitis C virus (HCV) G1 infection and KIR2DL3:HLA‐C1 in HCV G2/3. In common with SR, variables did not interact synergistically. Polymorphisms predictive of viral clearance did not predict disease progression. In summary, different individuals resolve HCV infection using discrete and non‐interacting immunological pathways. These pathways are influenced by viral genotype. This work provides novel insights into the complexity of the interaction between host and viral factors in determining the outcome of HCV infection.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Ashraf, Dr Shirin
Authors: Hydes, T. J., Moesker, B., Traherne, J. A., Ashraf, S., Alexander, G. J., Dimitrov, B. D., Woelk, C. H., Trowsdale, J., and Khakoo, S. I.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Tissue Antigens
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:0001-2815
ISSN (Online):1399-0039
Published Online:18 September 2015
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2015 The Authors
First Published:First published in Tissue Antigens 86(4): 267-275
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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