Search for intermediate mass black hole binaries in the first and second observing runs of the Advanced LIGO and Virgo network

Abbott, B. P. et al. (2019) Search for intermediate mass black hole binaries in the first and second observing runs of the Advanced LIGO and Virgo network. Physical Review D, 100(6), 064064. (doi: 10.1103/PhysRevD.100.064064)

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Abstract

Gravitational wave astronomy has been firmly established with the direct detection of gravitational waves from the merger of ten stellar mass binary black holes and a neutron star binary. This paper reports on the all-sky search for gravitational waves from intermediate-mass black hole binaries (IMBHB) in the first and second observing runs of the Advanced LIGO and Virgo network. The search uses three independent algorithms: two based on matched filtering of the data with waveform templates of gravitational wave signals from compact binaries, and a third that is agnostic about the morphology of the incoming signal. No IMBHB events were detected by this search. Consequently, we place upper limits on the merger rate density for different IMBHB systems with total mass in the range of 120~${\rm M}_\odot \leq~M_{\rm tot} \leq~800~{\rm M}_\odot$ and mass ratio of $1 \leq q \leq10$. The calculation of these upper limits is distinct from the IMBHB search of Ref.~\cite{Abbott:2017iws}.For the first time, our constraints are computed using the most realistic IMBHB waveforms obtained from numerical relativity, which include higher order modes. Our most stringent upper limit on the merger rate density is for IMBH systems with two $100~{\rm M}_\odot$ black holes and spins aligned with the orbital angular momentum. This upper limit on the merger rate density is \tcr{$ 0.20 ~{\rm Gpc}^{-3}{\rm yr}^{-1} $} in comoving units at the 90\% confidence level, which is an improvement of a factor of \tcr{$\sim 5$} over that reported after Advanced LIGO's first observing run ~\cite{Abbott:2017iws}.

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:Gravitational waves
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Grant, Mr Alastair and Spencer, Mr Andrew and Pearlstone, Brynley and Messenger, Dr Christopher and Masso Reid, Ms Mariela and Isa, Hafizah Noor Binti and Bell, Dr Angus and Williams, Mr Daniel and Pascucci, Daniela and Toland, Mr Karl and Hayes, Mr Fergus and Hammond, Professor Giles and Hild, Professor Stefan and Barr, Dr Bryan and Sorazu Lucio, Dr Borja and Lee, Kyung Ha and Barclay, Sheena Elaine and Steinlechner, Dr Jessica and Veitch, Dr John and Kinley-Hanlon, Maya Marie Antoinette and Heng, Professor Ik Siong and van Veggel, Dr Marielle and Tait, Mr Simon and Briggs, Mr Joseph and Cunningham, Dr William and Zhang, Mr Teng and Hendry, Professor Martin and Scott, Dr Jamie and Mangano, Valentina and Rowan, Professor Sheila and Martin, Dr Iain and Robertson, Professor Norna and Chan, Mr Man Leong and Tornasi, Zeno and Cumming, Dr Alan and Dupej, Mr Peter and Gabbard, Mr Hunter and Berry, Dr Christopher and Gray, Ms Rachel and Woan, Professor Graham and WRIGHT, Jennifer and Datrier, Ms Laurence and Hough, Professor James and Huttner, Dr Sabina and FLETCHER, MARK and Bayley, Mr Joseph and Strain, Professor Kenneth and Eddolls, Graeme and Jones, Mr Russell and Haughian, Dr Karen and Pitkin, Dr Matthew and Murray, Dr Peter
Authors: Abbott, B. P., Abbott, R., Abbott, T. D., Abraham, S., Acernese, F., Ackley, K., Adams, A., Adams, C., Adhikari, R. X., Adya, V. B., Affeldt, C., Agathos, M., Agatsuma, K., Aggarwal, N., Aguiar, O. D., Aiello, L., Ain, A., Ajith, P., Allen, G., Allocca, A., Aloy, M. A., Altin, P. A., Amato, A., Anand, S., Ananyeva, A., Anderson, S. B., Anderson, W. G., Angelova, S. V., Antier, S., Appert, S., Arai, K., Araya, M. C., Areeda, J. S., Arène, M., Arnaud, N., Aronson, S. M., Arun, K. G., Ascenzi, S., Ashton, G., Aston, S. M., Astone, P., Aubin, F., Aufmuth, P., AultONeal, K., Austin, C., Avendano, V., Avila-Alvarez, A., Babak, S., Bacon, P., Badaracco, F., Bader, M. K. M., Bae, S., Baer, A. M., Baird, J., Baker, P. T., Baldaccini, F., Ballardin, G., Ballmer, S. W., Bals, A., Banagiri, S., Barayoga, J. C., Barbieri, C., Barclay, S.E., Barish, B. C., Barker, D., Barkett, K., Barnum, S., Barone, F., Barr, B., Barsotti, L., Barsuglia, M., Barta, D., Bartlett, J., Bartos, I., Bassiri, R., Basti, A., Bawaj, M., Bayley, J.C., Bazzan, M., Bécsy, B., Bejger, M., Belahcene, I., Bell, A.S., Beniwal, D., Benjamin, M. G., Berger, B. K., Bergmann, G., Bernuzzi, S., Berry, C. P. L., Bersanetti, D., Bertolini, A., Betzwieser, J., Bhandare, R., Bidler, J., Biggs, E., Bilenko, I. A., Bilgili, S. A., Billingsley, G., Birney, R., Birnholtz, O., Biscans, S., Bischi, M., Biscoveanu, S., Bisht, A., Bitossi, M., Bizouard, M. A., Blackburn, J. K., Blackman, J., Blair, C. D., Blair, D. G., Blair, R. M., Bloemen, S., Bobba, F., Bode, N., Boer, M., Boetzel, Y., Bogaert, G., Bondu, F., Bonnand, R., Booker, P., Boom, B. A., Bork, R., Boschi, V., Bose, S., Bossilkov, V., Bosveld, J., Bouffanais, Y., Bozzi, A., Bradaschia, C., Brady, P. R., Bramley, A., Branchesi, M., Brau, J. E., Breschi, M., Briant, T., Briggs, J.H., Brighenti, F., Brillet, A., Brinkmann, M., Brockill, P., Brooks, A. F., Brooks, J., Brown, D. D., Brunett, S., Buikema, A., Bulik, T., Bulten, H. J., Buonanno, A., Buskulic, D., Buy, C., Byer, R. L., Cabero, M., Cadonati, L., Cagnoli, G., Cahillane, C., Calderón Bustillo, J., Callister, T. A., Calloni, E., Camp, J. B., Campbell, W. A., Canepa, M., Cannon, K. C., Cao, H., Cao, J., Carapella, G., Carbognani, F., Caride, S., Carney, M. F., Carullo, G., Casanueva Diaz, J., Casentini, C., Caudill, S., Cavaglià, M., Cavalier, F., Cavalieri, R., Cella, G., Cerdá-Durán, P., Cesarini, E., Chaibi, O., Chakravarti, K., Chamberlin, S. J., Chan, M., Chao, S., Charlton, P., Chase, E. A., Chassande-Mottin, E., Chatterjee, D., Chaturvedi, M., Cheeseboro, B. D., Chen, H. Y., Chen, X., Chen, Y., Cheng, H.-P., Cheong, C. K., Chia, H. Y., Chiadini, F., Chincarini, A., Chiummo, A., Cho, G., Cho, H. S., Cho, M., Christensen, N., Chu, Q., Chua, S., Chung, K. 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Subjects:Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
College/School:College of Science and Engineering
College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Research Group:Institute for Gravitational Research
Journal Name:Physical Review D
Publisher:American Physical Society
ISSN:2470-0010
ISSN (Online):2470-0029
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2019 American Physical Society
First Published:First published in Physical Review D 100(6):064064
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher
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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
173808Investigations in gravitational radiationSheila RowanScience and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)ST/N005422/1P&S - Physics & Astronomy
172131Proposal for UK Involvement in the Operation of Advanced LIGOKenneth StrainScience and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)ST/N00003X/1P&S - Physics & Astronomy