The risk of foot and mouth disease transmission posed by public access to the countryside during an outbreak

Auty, H. , Mellor, D. , Gunn, G. and Boden, L. A. (2019) The risk of foot and mouth disease transmission posed by public access to the countryside during an outbreak. Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 6, 381. (doi: 10.3389/fvets.2019.00381) (PMID:31750321) (PMCID:PMC6848457)

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Abstract

During the 2001 UK FMD outbreak, local authorities restricted rural access to try to prevent further disease spread by people and animals, which had major socio-economic consequences for rural communities. This study describes the results of qualitative veterinary risk assessments to assess the likelihood of different recreational activities causing new outbreaks of foot and mouth disease, as part of contingency planning for future outbreaks. For most activities, the likelihood of causing new outbreaks of foot and mouth disease is considered to vary from very low to medium depending on the control zone (which is based on distance to the nearest infected premises), assuming compliance with specified mitigation strategies. The likelihood of new outbreaks associated with hunting, shooting, stalking, and equestrian activities is considered to be greater. There are areas of significant uncertainty associated with data paucity, particularly regarding the likelihood of transmission via fomites. This study provides scientific evidence to underpin refinement of rural access management plans and inform decision-making in future disease outbreaks.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:HA, LB, GG, and DM were funded by the Scottish Government Rural and Environment Science and Analytical Services Division (RESAS), as part of the Center of Expertise on Animal Disease Outbreaks (EPIC).
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Boden, Dr Lisa and Mellor, Professor Dominic and Auty, Harriet and Gunn, Prof George
Authors: Auty, H., Mellor, D., Gunn, G., and Boden, L. A.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Biodiversity Animal Health and Comparative Medicine
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Veterinary Medicine
Journal Name:Frontiers in Veterinary Science
Publisher:Frontiers Media
ISSN:2297-1769
ISSN (Online):2297-1769
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2019 Auty, Mellor, Gunn and Boden
First Published:First published in Frontiers in Veterinary Science 6: 381
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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