Socioeconomic variations in responses to chest pain: qualitative study

Richards, H.M., Reid, M.E. and Watt, G.C.M. (2002) Socioeconomic variations in responses to chest pain: qualitative study. British Medical Journal, 324(7349), p. 1308. (doi: 10.1136/bmj.324.7349.1308)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.324.7349.1308

Abstract

<p><b>Objective:</b> To explore and explain socioeconomic variations in perceptions of and behavioural responses to chest pain.</p> <p><b>Design:</b> Qualitative interviews.</p> <p><b>Setting:</b> Community based study in Glasgow, Scotland.</p> <p><b>Participants:</b> 30 respondents (15 men and 15 women) from a socioeconomically deprived area of Glasgow and 30 respondents (15 men and 15 women) from an affluent area of Glasgow.</p> <p><b>Outcome measures:</b> Participants' reports of their perceptions of and actions in response to chest pain.</p> <p><b>Results:</b> Residents of the deprived area reported greater perceived vulnerability to heart disease, stemming from greater exposure to heart disease in family members and greater identification with high risk groups and stereotypes of cardiac patients. This greater perceived vulnerability was not associated with more frequent reporting of presenting to a general practitioner. People from the deprived area reported greater exposure to ill health, which allowed them to normalise their chest pain, led to confusion with other conditions, and gave rise to a belief that they were overusing medical services. These factors were associated with a reported tendency not to present with chest pain. Anxiety about presenting among respondents in the deprived area was heightened by self blame and fear that they would be chastised by their general practitioner for their risk behaviours.</p> <p><b>Conclusions:</b> Important socioeconomic variations in responses to chest pain may contribute to the known inequities in uptake of secondary cardiology services. Primary care professionals and health promoters should be aware of the ways in which perceptions of symptoms and illness behaviour are shaped by social and cultural factors.</p>

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Reid, Professor Margaret and Watt, Professor Graham
Authors: Richards, H.M., Reid, M.E., and Watt, G.C.M.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > General Practice and Primary Care
Journal Name:British Medical Journal
Journal Abbr.:BMJ
ISSN:0959-535X
ISSN (Online):1756-1833

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