Effects of a moderate exercise session on postprandial lipoproteins, apolipoproteins and lipoprotein remnants in middle-aged men

Gill, J. , Al-Mamari, A., Ferrell, W., Cleland, S., Sattar, N., Packard, C. , Petrie, J. and Caslake, M. (2006) Effects of a moderate exercise session on postprandial lipoproteins, apolipoproteins and lipoprotein remnants in middle-aged men. Atherosclerosis, 185(1), pp. 87-96. (doi:10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2005.06.009)

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Abstract

Prior moderate exercise reduces postprandial triglyceride concentrations. Its effects on the concentrations, compositions and potential atherogenicity of lipoprotein subtractions were investigated in the present study. Twenty normoglycaemic middle-aged men each underwent two fat tolerance tests (blood taken fasting and for 8h after a meal containing 80g fat and 70g carbohydrate). On the afternoon before one test, subjects performed a 90-min treadmill walk (exercise); no exercise was performed before the control test. Prior exercise significantly reduced postprandial concentrations of chylonnicrons (Sf > 400) by 28.6% (absolute reduction 14.6 mg dl(-1)), of large VLDL1 (Sf 60-400) by 34.4% (39.7 mg dl(-1)) and of small VLDL (Sf 20-60) by 23.0% (9.6 mg dl(-1)). Over 95% of VLDL1 and VLDL2 comprised apolipoprotein (apo) B100-containing particles. Exercise also reduced postprandial remnant-like lipoprotein cholesterol (by 35%) and triglyceride concentrations (by 29%). Postprandial apo CIII/apo B and apo E/apo B ratios in VLDL1 were lower following exercise. Postprandial cholesteryl ester/triglyceride ratios were lower in VLDL1 and VLDL2 and higher in HDL2 following exercise. These data suggest that the effect of prior moderate exercise on VLDL1 is quantitatively greater than its effect on chylonnicrons and that, in addition to reducing lipoprotein concentrations, exercise induces compositional changes to lipoprotein species which are likely to influence their metabolism and atherogenicity.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Gill, Professor Jason and Caslake, Professor Muriel and Petrie, Professor John and Cleland, Dr Stephen and Ferrell, Professor William and Packard, Professor Chris and Sattar, Professor Naveed
Authors: Gill, J., Al-Mamari, A., Ferrell, W., Cleland, S., Sattar, N., Packard, C., Petrie, J., and Caslake, M.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Atherosclerosis
Publisher:Elsevier Ireland Ltd
ISSN:0021-9150
ISSN (Online):1879-1484

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