Everything is not everywhere: can marine compartments shape phytoplankton assemblages?

Spatharis, S. , Lamprinou, V., Meziti, A., Kormas, K. A., Danielidis, D. D., Smeti, E., Roelke, D. L., Mancy, R. and Tsirtsis, G. (2019) Everything is not everywhere: can marine compartments shape phytoplankton assemblages? Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B: Biological Sciences, 286(1914), 20191890. (doi:10.1098/rspb.2019.1890) (PMID:31662088)

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Abstract

The idea that ‘everything is everywhere, but the environment selects' has been seminal in microbial biogeography, and marine phytoplankton is one of the prototypical groups used to illustrate this. The typical argument has been that phytoplankton is ubiquitous, but that distinct assemblages form under environmental selection. It is well established that phytoplankton assemblages vary considerably between coastal ecosystems. However, the relative roles of compartmentalization of regional seas and site-specific environmental conditions in shaping assemblage structures have not been specifically examined. We collected data from coastal embayments that fall within two different water compartments within the same regional sea and are characterized by highly localized environmental pressures. We used principal coordinates of neighbour matrices (PCNM) and asymmetric eigenvector maps (AEM) models to partition the effects that spatial structures, environmental conditions and their overlap had on the variation in assemblage composition. Our models explained a high percentage of variation in assemblage composition (59–65%) and showed that spatial structure consistent with marine compartmentalization played a more important role than local environmental conditions. At least during the study period, surface currents connecting sites within the two compartments failed to generate sufficient dispersal to offset the impact of differences due to compartmentalization. In other words, our findings suggest that, even for a prototypical cosmopolitan group, everything is not everywhere.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This research was conducted within the research project ‘ECOGENE: The relative role of niche and neutral mechanisms in controlling phytoplankton genetic and morphological diversity’ (code no. 4691), implemented within the framework of the Action ARISTEIA II of the Operational Program ‘Education and Lifelong Learning’ (Action’s Beneficiary: General Secretariat for Research and Technology) and co-financed by the European Social Fund (ESF) and the Greek State.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Mancy, Dr Rebecca and Spatharis, Dr Sofie
Authors: Spatharis, S., Lamprinou, V., Meziti, A., Kormas, K. A., Danielidis, D. D., Smeti, E., Roelke, D. L., Mancy, R., and Tsirtsis, G.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Biodiversity Animal Health and Comparative Medicine
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > MRC/CSO SPHSU
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences
Journal Name:Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B: Biological Sciences
Publisher:The Royal Society
ISSN:0962-8452
ISSN (Online):1471-2954
Published Online:30 October 2019
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2019 The Authors
First Published:First published in Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B: Biological Sciences 286(1914): 20191890
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy
Data DOI:10.5061/dryad.qfttdz0c8

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