β-connectin studies by small-angle x-ray scattering and single-molecule force spectroscopy by atomic force microscopy

Marchetti, S., Sbrana, F., Toscano, A., Fratini, E., Carlà, M., Vassalli, M. , Tiribilli, B., Pacini, A. and Gambi, C.M.C. (2011) β-connectin studies by small-angle x-ray scattering and single-molecule force spectroscopy by atomic force microscopy. Physical Review E, 83, 051919. (doi: 10.1103/PhysRevE.83.051919) (PMID:21728583)

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Abstract

The three-dimensional structure and the mechanical properties of a β-connectin fragment from human cardiac muscle, belonging to the I band, from I27 to I34, were investigated by small-angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) and single-molecule force spectroscopy (SMFS). This molecule presents an entropic elasticity behavior, associated to globular domain unfolding, that has been widely studied in the last 10 years. In addition, atomic force microscopy based SMFS experiments suggest that this molecule has an additional elastic regime, for low forces, probably associated to tertiary structure remodeling. From a structural point of view, this behavior is a mark of the fact that the eight domains in the I27-I34 fragment are not independent and they organize in solution, assuming a well-defined three-dimensional structure. This hypothesis has been confirmed by SAXS scattering, both on a diluted and a concentrated sample. Two different models were used to fit the SAXS curves: one assuming a globular shape and one corresponding to an elongated conformation, both coupled with a Coulomb repulsion potential to take into account the protein-protein interaction. Due to the predominance of the structure factor, the effective shape of the protein in solution could not be clearly disclosed. By performing SMFS by atomic force microscopy, mechanical unfolding properties were investigated. Typical sawtooth profiles were obtained and the rupture force of each unfolding domain was estimated. By fitting a wormlike chain model to each peak of the sawtooth profile, the entropic elasticity of octamer was described.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Vassalli, Dr Massimo
Authors: Marchetti, S., Sbrana, F., Toscano, A., Fratini, E., Carlà, M., Vassalli, M., Tiribilli, B., Pacini, A., and Gambi, C.M.C.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Biomedical Engineering
Journal Name:Physical Review E
Publisher:American Physical Society
ISSN:1539-3755
ISSN (Online):1550-2376

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