Biological and structural characterization of a naturally inspired material engineered from elastin as a candidate for tissue engineering applications

Vassalli, M. , Sbrana, F., Laurita, A., Papi, M., Bloise, N., Visai, L. and Bochicchio, B. (2013) Biological and structural characterization of a naturally inspired material engineered from elastin as a candidate for tissue engineering applications. Langmuir, 29(51), pp. 15898-15906. (doi: 10.1021/la403311x) (PMID:24328291)

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Abstract

The adoption of a biomimetic approach in the design and fabrication of innovative materials for biomedical applications is encountering a growing interest. In particular, new molecules are being engineered on the basis of proteins present in the extracellular matrix, such as fibronectin, collagen, or elastin. Following this approach scientists expect to be able not only to obtain materials with tailored mechanical properties but also to elicit specific biological responses inherited by the mimicked tissue. In the present work, a novel peptide, engineered starting from the sequence encoded by exon 28 of human tropoelastin, was characterized from a chemical, physical, and biological point of view. The obtained molecule was observed to aggregate at high temperatures, forming a material able to induce a biological effect similar to what elastin does in the physiological context. This material seems to be a good candidate to play a relevant role in future biomedical applications with special reference to vascular surgery.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Vassalli, Dr Massimo
Authors: Vassalli, M., Sbrana, F., Laurita, A., Papi, M., Bloise, N., Visai, L., and Bochicchio, B.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Biomedical Engineering
Journal Name:Langmuir
Publisher:American Chemical Society
ISSN:0743-7463
ISSN (Online):1520-5827
Published Online:11 December 2013

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