Elastin-coated biodegradable photopolymer scaffolds for tissue engineering applications

Barenghi, R., Beke, S., Romano, I., Gavazzo, P., Farkas, B., Vassalli, M. , Brandi, F. and Scaglione, S. (2014) Elastin-coated biodegradable photopolymer scaffolds for tissue engineering applications. BioMed Research International, 2014, 624645. (doi: 10.1155/2014/624645) (PMID:25405204) (PMCID:PMC4227440)

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Abstract

One of the main open issues in modern vascular surgery is the nonbiodegradability of implants used for stent interventions, which can lead to small caliber-related thrombosis and neointimal hyperplasia. Some new, resorbable polymeric materials have been proposed to substitute traditional stainless-steel stents, but so far they were affected by poor mechanical properties and low biocompatibility. In this respect, a new material, polypropylene fumarate (PPF), may be considered as a promising candidate to implement the development of next generation stents, due to its complete biodegradability, and excellent mechanical properties and the ease to be precisely patterned. Besides all these benefits, PPF has not been tested yet for vascular prosthesis, mainly because it proved to be almost inert, while the ability to elicit a specific biological function would be of paramount importance in such critical surgery applications. Here, we propose a biomimetic functionalization process, aimed at obtaining specific bioactivation and thus improved cell-polymer interaction. Porous PPF-based scaffolds produced by deep-UV photocuring were coated by elastin and the functionalized scaffolds were extensively characterized, revealing a stable bound between the protein and the polymer surface. Both 3T3 and HUVEC cell lines were used for in vitro tests displaying an enhancement of cells adhesion and proliferation on the functionalized scaffolds.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Vassalli, Dr Massimo
Authors: Barenghi, R., Beke, S., Romano, I., Gavazzo, P., Farkas, B., Vassalli, M., Brandi, F., and Scaglione, S.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Biomedical Engineering
Journal Name:BioMed Research International
Publisher:Hindawi
ISSN:2314-6133
ISSN (Online):2314-6141
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2014 Rossella Barenghi et al.
First Published:First published in BioMed Research International 2014:624645
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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