Associations of autozygosity with a broad range of human phenotypes

Clark, D. W. et al. (2019) Associations of autozygosity with a broad range of human phenotypes. Nature Communications, 10, 4957. (doi:10.1038/s41467-019-12283-6)

[img]
Preview
Text
202153.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

5MB

Abstract

In many species, the offspring of related parents suffer reduced reproductive success, a phenomenon known as inbreeding depression. In humans, the importance of this effect has remained unclear, partly because reproduction between close relatives is both rare and frequently associated with confounding social factors. Here, using genomic inbreeding coefficients (FROH) for >1.4 million individuals, we show that FROH is significantly associated (p < 0.0005) with apparently deleterious changes in 32 out of 100 traits analysed. These changes are associated with runs of homozygosity (ROH), but not with common variant homozygosity, suggesting that genetic variants associated with inbreeding depression are predominantly rare. The effect on fertility is striking: FROH equivalent to the offspring of first cousins is associated with a 55% decrease [95% CI 44–66%] in the odds of having children. Finally, the effects of FROH are confirmed within full-sibling pairs, where the variation in FROH is independent of all environmental confounding.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Sattar, Professor Naveed and Strawbridge, Dr Rona
Authors: Clark, D. W., Okada, Y., Moore, K. H. S., Mason, D., Pirastu, N., Gandin, I., Mattsson, H., Barnes, C. L. K., Lin, K., Zhao, J. H., Deelen, P., Rohde, R., Schurmann, C., Guo, X., Giulianini, F., Zhang, W., Medina-Gomez, C., Karlsson, R., Bao, Y., Bartz, T. M., Baumbach, C., Biino, G., Bixley, M. J., Brumat, M., Chai, J.-F., Corre, T., Cousminer, D. L., Dekker, A. M., Eccles, D. A., van Eijk, K. R., Fuchsberger, C., Gao, H., Germain, M., Gordon, S. D., de Haan, H. G., Harris, S. E., Hofer, E., Huerta-Chagoya, A., Igartua, C., Jansen, I. E., Jia, Y., Kacprowski, T., Karlsson, T., Kleber, M. E., Li, S. A., Li-Gao, R., Mahajan, A., Matsuda, K., Meidtner, K., Meng, W., Montasser, M. E., van der Most, P. J., Munz, M., Nutile, T., Palviainen, T., Prasad, G., Prasad, R. B., Priyanka, T. D. S., Rizzi, F., Salvi, E., Sapkota, B. R., Shriner, D., Skotte, L., Smart, M. C., Smith, A. V., van der Spek, A., Spracklen, C. N., Strawbridge, R. J., Tajuddin, S. M., Trompet, S., Turman, C., Verweij, N., Viberti, C., Wang, L., Warren, H. R., Wootton, R. E., Yanek, L. R., Yao, J., Yousri, N. A., Zhao, W., Adeyemo, A. A., Afaq, S., Aguilar-Salinas, C. A., Akiyama, M., Albert, M. L., Allison, M. A., Alver, M., Aung, T., Azizi, F., Bentley, A. R., Boeing, H., Boerwinkle, E., Borja, J. B., de Borst, G. J., Bottinger, E. P., Broer, L., Campbell, H., Chanock, S., Chee, M.-L., Chen, G., Chen, Y.-D. I., Chen, Z., Chiu, Y.-F., Cocca, M., Collins, F. S., Concas, M. P., Corley, J., Cugliari, G., van Dam, R. M., Damulina, A., Daneshpour, M. S., Day, F. R., Delgado, G. E., Dhana, K., Doney, A. S. F., Dörr, M., Doumatey, A. P., Dzimiri, N., Ebenesersdóttir, S. S., Elliott, J., Elliott, P., Ewert, R., Felix, J. F., Fischer, K., Freedman, B. I., Girotto, G., Goel, A., Gögele, M., Goodarzi, M. O., Graff, M., Granot-Hershkovitz, E., Grodstein, F., Guarrera, S., Gudbjartsson, D. F., Guity, K., Gunnarsson, B., Guo, Y., Hagenaars, S. P., Haiman, C. A., Halevy, A., Harris, T. B., Hedayati, M., van Heel, D. A., Hirata, M., Höfer, I., Hsiung, C. A., Huang, J., Hung, Y.-J., Ikram, M. A., Jagadeesan, A., Jousilahti, P., Kamatani, Y., Kanai, M., Kerrison, N. D., Kessler, T., Khaw, K.-T., Khor, C. C., de Kleijn, D. P. V., Koh, W.-P., Kolcic, I., Kraft, P., Krämer, B. K., Kutalik, Z., Kuusisto, J., Langenberg, C., Launer, L. J., Lawlor, D. A., Lee, I.-T., Lee, W.-J., Lerch, M. M., Li, L., Liu, J., Loh, M., London, S. J., Loomis, S., Lu, Y., Luan, J.’a., Mägi, R., Manichaikul, A. W., Manunta, P., Másson, G., Matoba, N., Mei, X. W., Meisinger, C., Meitinger, T., Mezzavilla, M., Milani, L., Millwood, I. Y., Momozawa, Y., Moore, A., Morange, P.-E., Moreno-Macías, H., Mori, T. A., Morrison, A. C., Muka, T., Murakami, Y., Murray, A. D., de Mutsert, R., Mychaleckyj, J. C., Nalls, M. A., Nauck, M., Neville, M. J., Nolte, I. M., Ong, K. K., Orozco, L., Padmanabhan, S., Pálsson, G., Pankow, J. S., Pattaro, C., Pattie, A., Polasek, O., Poulter, N., Pramstaller, P. P., Quintana-Murci, L., Räikkönen, K., Ralhan, S., Rao, D. C., van Rheenen, W., Rich, S. S., Ridker, P. M., Rietveld, C. A., Robino, A., van Rooij, F. J. A., Ruggiero, D., Saba, Y., Sabanayagam, C., Sabater-Lleal, M., Sala, C. F., Salomaa, V., Sandow, K., Schmidt, H., Scott, L. J., Scott, W. R., Sedaghati-Khayat, B., Sennblad, B., van Setten, J., Sever, P. J., Sheu, W. H.-H., Shi, Y., Shrestha, S., Shukla, S. R., Sigurdsson, J. K., Sikka, T. T., Singh, J. R., Smith, B. H., Stančáková, A., Stanton, A., Starr, J. M., Stefansdottir, L., Straker, L., Sulem, P., Sveinbjornsson, G., Swertz, M. A., Taylor, A. M., Taylor, K. D., Terzikhan, N., Tham, Y.-C., Thorleifsson, G., Thorsteinsdottir, U., Tillander, A., Tracy, R. P., Tusié-Luna, T., Tzoulaki, I., Vaccargiu, S., Vangipurapu, J., Veldink, J. H., Vitart, V., Völker, U., Vuoksimaa, E., Wakil, S. M., Waldenberger, M., Wander, G. S., Wang, Y. X., Wareham, N. J., Wild, S., Yajnik, C. S., Yuan, J.-M., Zeng, L., Zhang, L., Zhou, J., Amin, N., Asselbergs, F. W., Bakker, S. J. L., Becker, D. M., Lehne, B., Bennett, D. A., van den Berg, L. H., Berndt, S. I., Bharadwaj, D., Bielak, L. F., Bochud, M., Boehnke, M., Bouchard, C., Bradfield, J. P., Brody, J. A., Campbell, A., Carmi, S., Caulfield, M. J., Cesarini, D., Chambers, J. C., Chandak, G. R., Cheng, C.-Y., Ciullo, M., Cornelis, M., Cusi, D., Smith, G. D., Deary, I. J., Dorajoo, R., van Duijn, C. M., Ellinghaus, D., Erdmann, J., Eriksson, J. G., Evangelou, E., Evans, M. K., Faul, J. D., Feenstra, B., Feitosa, M., Foisy, S., Franke, A., Friedlander, Y., Gasparini, P., Gieger, C., Gonzalez, C., Goyette, P., Grant, S. F. A., Griffiths, L. R., Groop, L., Gudnason, V., Gyllensten, U., Hakonarson, H., Hamsten, A., van der Harst, P., Heng, C.-K., Hicks, A. A., Hochner, H., Huikuri, H., Hunt, S. C., Jaddoe, V. W. V., De Jager, P. L., Johannesson, M., Johansson, Å., Jonas, J. B., Jukema, J. W., Junttila, J., Kaprio, J., Kardia, S. L. R., Karpe, F., Kumari, M., Laakso, M., van der Laan, S. W., Lahti, J., Laudes, M., Lea, R. A., Lieb, W., Lumley, T., Martin, N. G., März, W., Matullo, G., McCarthy, M. I., Medland, S. E., Merriman, T. R., Metspalu, A., Meyer, B. F., Mohlke, K. L., Montgomery, G. W., Mook-Kanamori, D., Munroe, P. B., North, K. E., Nyholt, D. R., O’connell, J. R., Ober, C., Oldehinkel, A. J., Palmas, W., Palmer, C., Pasterkamp, G. G., Patin, E., Pennell, C. E., Perusse, L., Peyser, P. A., Pirastu, M., Polderman, T. J. C., Porteous, D. J., Posthuma, D., Psaty, B. M., Rioux, J. D., Rivadeneira, F., Rotimi, C., Rotter, J. I., Rudan, I., Den Ruijter, H. M., Sanghera, D. K., Sattar, N., Schmidt, R., Schulze, M. B., Schunkert, H., Scott, R. A., Shuldiner, A. R., Sim, X., Small, N., Smith, J. A., Sotoodehnia, N., Tai, E.-S., Teumer, A., Timpson, N. J., Toniolo, D., Tregouet, D.-A., Tuomi, T., Vollenweider, P., Wang, C. A., Weir, D. R., Whitfield, J. B., Wijmenga, C., Wong, T.-Y., Wright, J., Yang, J., Yu, L., Zemel, B. S., Zonderman, A. B., Perola, M., Magnusson, P. K. E., Uitterlinden, A. G., Kooner, J. S., Chasman, D. I., Loos, R. J. F., Franceschini, N., Franke, L., Haley, C. S., Hayward, C., Walters, R. G., Perry, J. R. B., Esko, T., Helgason, A., Stefansson, K., Joshi, P. K., Kubo, M., and Wilson, J. F.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
Journal Name:Nature Communications
Publisher:Nature Research
ISSN:2041-1723
ISSN (Online):2041-1723
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2019 The Authors
First Published:First published in Nature Communications 10: 4957
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics