Routing schemes in FANETs: a survey

Khan, M. F., Yau, K. L. A., Noor, R. M. and Imran, M. A. (2020) Routing schemes in FANETs: a survey. Sensors, 20(1), 38. (doi: 10.3390/s20010038) (PMID:31861637) (PMCID:PMC6983172)

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Flying ad hoc network (FANET) is a self-organizing wireless network that enables inexpensive, flexible, and easy-to-deploy flying nodes, such as unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), to communicate among themselves in the absence of fixed network infrastructure. FANET is one of the emerging networks that has an extensive range of next-generation applications. Hence, FANET plays a significant role in achieving application-based goals. Routing enables the flying nodes to collaborate and coordinate among themselves and to establish routes to radio access infrastructure, particularly FANET base station (BS). With a longer route lifetime, the effects of link disconnections and network partitions reduce. Routing must cater to two main characteristics of FANETs that reduce the route lifetime. Firstly, the collaboration nature requires the flying nodes to exchange messages and to coordinate among themselves, causing high energy consumption. Secondly, the mobility pattern of the flying nodes is highly dynamic in a three-dimensional space and they may be spaced far apart, causing link disconnection. In this paper, we present a comprehensive survey of the limited research work of routing schemes in FANETs. Different aspects, including objectives, challenges, routing metrics, characteristics, and performance measures, are covered. Furthermore, we present open issues.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Imran, Professor Muhammad
Authors: Khan, M. F., Yau, K. L. A., Noor, R. M., and Imran, M. A.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Systems Power and Energy
Journal Name:Sensors
ISSN (Online):1424-8220
Published Online:19 December 2019
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2019 The Authors
First Published:First published in Sensors 20(1): 38
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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