Incidence and prevalence of post-stroke insomnia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Baylan, S. , Griffiths, S., Grant, N., Broomfield, N.M., Evans, J.J. and Gardani, M. (2020) Incidence and prevalence of post-stroke insomnia: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 49, 101222. (doi: 10.1016/j.smrv.2019.101222) (PMID:31739180)

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Abstract

Problems with sleep are reported to be common after stroke but the incidence and prevalence of insomnia and insomnia symptoms following stroke is not yet established. The aim of this review was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the incidence and prevalence of insomnia and insomnia symptoms in individuals affected by stroke. We searched seven main electronic databases to identify studies until September 25, 2018. No studies examining incidence of post-stroke insomnia were identified. Twenty-two studies on prevalence of insomnia or insomnia symptoms including individuals with stroke were included with fourteen studies suitable for inclusion in the meta-analysis. Meta-analysis indicated pooled prevalence of 38.2% (CI 30.1–46.5) with significantly higher prevalence estimates for studies using non-diagnostic tools, 40.70% (CI 30.96–50.82) compared to studies using diagnostic assessment tools 32.21% (CI 18.5–47.64). Greater insomnia symptoms were indicated in those with comorbid depression and anxiety. The prevalence of both insomnia and insomnia symptoms are considerably higher in stroke survivors compared to the general population. Studies investigating the incidence, insomnia symptom profile and changes in insomnia prevalence over time are needed to inform clinical practice and to encourage tailored interventions that consider this symptomatology. PROSPERO registration number CRD42017065670.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Gardani, Dr Maria and Evans, Professor Jonathan and Baylan, Dr Satu
Authors: Baylan, S., Griffiths, S., Grant, N., Broomfield, N.M., Evans, J.J., and Gardani, M.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
College of Science and Engineering > School of Psychology
Journal Name:Sleep Medicine Reviews
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1087-0792
ISSN (Online):1532-2955
Published Online:28 October 2019
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Ltd.
First Published:First published in Sleep Medicine Reviews 49:101222
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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