Combined heat and mass transfer and thermodynamic irreversibilities in the stagnation-point flow of Casson rheological fluid over a cylinder with catalytic reactions and inside a porous medium under local thermal nonequilibrium

Alizadeh, R., Rezaei Gomari, S., Alizadeh, A., Karimi, N. and Li, L. K.B. (2019) Combined heat and mass transfer and thermodynamic irreversibilities in the stagnation-point flow of Casson rheological fluid over a cylinder with catalytic reactions and inside a porous medium under local thermal nonequilibrium. Computers and Mathematics with Applications, (doi:10.1016/j.camwa.2019.10.021) (In Press)

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Abstract

The transport of heat and mass from the surface of a cylinder coated with a catalyst and subject to an impinging flow of a Casson rheological fluid is investigated. The cylinder features circumferentially non-uniform transpiration and is embedded inside a homogeneous porous medium. The non-equilibrium thermodynamics of the problem, including Soret and Dufour effects and local thermal non-equilibrium in the porous medium, are considered. Through the introduction of similarity variables, the governing equations are reduced to a set of non-linear ordinary differential equations which are subsequently solved numerically. This results in the prediction of hydrodynamic, temperature, concentration and entropy generation fields, as well as local and average Nusselt, Sherwood and Bejan numbers. It is shown that, for low values of the Casson parameter and thus strong non-Newtonian behaviour, the porous system has a significant tendency towards maintaining local thermal equilibrium. Furthermore, the results show a major reduction in the average Nusselt number during the transition from Newtonian to non-Newtonian fluid, while the reduction in the Sherwood number is less pronounced. It is also demonstrated that flow, thermal and mass transfer irreversibilities are significantly affected by the fluid’s strengthened non-Newtonian characteristics. The physical reasons for these behaviours are discussed by exploring the influence of the Casson parameter and other pertinent factors upon the thickness of thermal and concentration boundary layers. It is noted that this study is the first systematic investigation of the stagnation-point flow of Casson fluid in cylindrical porous media.

Item Type:Articles
Status:In Press
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Karimi, Dr Nader
Authors: Alizadeh, R., Rezaei Gomari, S., Alizadeh, A., Karimi, N., and Li, L. K.B.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Systems Power and Energy
Journal Name:Computers and Mathematics with Applications
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0898-1221
ISSN (Online):1873-7668
Published Online:02 November 2019
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Ltd.
First Published:First published in Computers and Mathematics with Applications 2019
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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