Promotion of regeneration and axon growth following injury in an invertebrate nervous system by the use of three–dimensional collagen gels

Blackshaw, S. E., Arkison, S. , Cameron, C. and Davies, J. A. (1997) Promotion of regeneration and axon growth following injury in an invertebrate nervous system by the use of three–dimensional collagen gels. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 264(1382), pp. 657-661. (doi:10.1098/rspb.1997.0093) (PMID:9178537) (PMCID:PMC1688405)

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Abstract

We describe the application of three–dimensional collagen matrices to the study of nerve cord repair in the leech. Our experiments show that ganglia and connectives of the leech ventral nerve cord can be maintained for up to four weeks embedded in 3D gels constructed from mammalian type 1 collagen. Severed nerve cords embedded in the collagen gel reliably repaired within a few days of culture. The gel was penetrable by cells emigrating from the cut ends of nerves and connectives, and we consistently saw regenerative outgrowth of severed peripheral and central axons into the gel matrix. Thus, 3D gels provide an in vitro system in which we can reliably obtain repair of severed nerve cords in the dish, and visualize cell behaviour underlying regenerative growth at the damage site; and which offers the possibility of manipulating the regenerating cells and their extracellular environment in various ways at stages during repair. Using this system it should be possible to test the effect on the repair process of altering expression of selected genes in identified nerve cells.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Arkison, Mr Scott
Authors: Blackshaw, S. E., Arkison, S., Cameron, C., and Davies, J. A.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Publisher:The Royal Society
ISSN:0962-8436
ISSN (Online):1471-2970

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