Evolutionary genetics of Pasteurella haemolytica isolates recovered from cattle and sheep

Davies, R.L. , Arkinsaw, S. and Selander, R.K. (1997) Evolutionary genetics of Pasteurella haemolytica isolates recovered from cattle and sheep. Infection and Immunity, 65(9), pp. 3585-3593. (PMID:9284123) (PMCID:PMC175510)

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Publisher's URL: https://iai.asm.org/content/65/9/3585

Abstract

Genetic diversity and relationships among 194 Pasteurella haemolytica isolates, which were recovered predominantly from cattle (39%) and sheep (58%) suffering from pneumonic pasteurellosis in the United Kingdom, Germany, and the United States, were estimated by examination of allelic variation at 18 enzyme-encoding loci detected by multilocus enzyme electrophoresis. The isolates formed two major divisions. One included 178 Pasteurella haemolytica sensu stricto strains representing serotypes A1, A2, A5 to A9, A12 to A14, and A16; the other was composed of 16 isolates belonging to the A11 taxon. P. haemolytica isolates were classified into 22 electrophoretic types (ETs) that formed three primary phylogenetic lineages. One lineage was represented by ovine serotype A2 isolates, a second lineage consisted of bovine serotype A2, together with serotype A7 and A13 isolates, and the third lineage included isolates representing all of the other serotypes, as well as a second group of serotype A7 strains. Electrophoretic types were nonrandomly associated with specific capsular serotypes, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) types, outer membrane protein (OMP) types, and host species. Bovine isolates were represented by only three serotypes (A1, A2, and A6) in 5 ETs, whereas ovine isolates were represented by all of the serotypes in 19 ETs. The majority (76%) of bovine isolates were of serotypes A1 or A6 and belonged to a single ET that marked a virulent, cattle-specific clonal group. Among the ovine isolates, 40% were of serotype A2 and belonged to two ETs that represented two virulent, sheep-specific clonal groups. Bovine A1 and A6 isolates and bovine A2 isolates were phylogenetically distinct from ovine isolates of the same serotypes, indicating that different subpopulations of these serotypes are associated with disease in cattle and sheep. Consistent differences in the OMP profiles of strains of the bovine and ovine lineages of these three serotypes suggest that certain OMPs are involved in host specificity and virulence. Evolutionary relationships among P. haemolytica isolates indicate that the ancestral host is the sheep and that several distinct clonal lineages have crossed the species barrier into cattle. The A11 taxon is a heterogeneous group of opportunistic pathogens of sheep that represents a separate species.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Arkison, Mr Scott and Davies, Dr Robert
Authors: Davies, R.L., Arkinsaw, S., and Selander, R.K.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Infection and Immunity
Publisher:American Society for Microbiology
ISSN:0019-9567
ISSN (Online):1098-5522

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