Inducible costimulatory molecule-B7-related protein 1 interactions are important for the clonal expansion and B cell helper functions of naive, Th1, and Th2 T cells

Smith, K. M., Brewer, J. M. , Webb, P., Coyle, A. J., Gutierrez-Ramos, C. and Garside, P. (2003) Inducible costimulatory molecule-B7-related protein 1 interactions are important for the clonal expansion and B cell helper functions of naive, Th1, and Th2 T cells. Journal of Immunology, 170(5), pp. 2310-2315. (doi: 10.4049/jimmunol.170.5.2310) (PMID:12594252)

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Abstract

Inducing T cell responses requires at least two distinct signals: 1) TCR engagement of MHC-peptide and 2) binding of CD28 to B7.1/2. However, the recent avalanche of newly described costimulatory molecules may represent additional signals which can modify events after the initial two-signal activation. Inducible costimulatory molecule (ICOS) is a CD28 family member expressed on T cells rapidly following activation that augments both Th1 and Th2 T cell responses and has been implicated in sustaining rather than initiating T cell responses. Although it is known that blockade of ICOS-B7-related protein 1 (B7RP-1) in vivo dramatically reduces germinal center formation and Ab production, the mechanism(s) remains unclear. An optimal T cell-dependent Ab response requires T and B cell activation, expansion, differentiation, survival, and migration, and the ICOS-B7RP-1 interaction could be involved in any or all of these processes. Understanding this will have important implications for targeting ICOS-B7RP-1 therapeutically. We have therefore used a double-adoptive transfer system, in which all of the above events can be analyzed, to assess the role of ICOS-B7RP-1 in T cell help for B cell responses. We have shown that ICOS signaling is involved in the initial clonal expansion of primary and primed Th1 and Th2 cells in response to immunization. Furthermore, while ICOS-B7RP-1 interactions have no effect on the migration of T cells into B cell follicles, it is essential for their ability to support B cell responses.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Garside, Professor Paul and Brewer, Professor James and Smith, Ms Karen
Authors: Smith, K. M., Brewer, J. M., Webb, P., Coyle, A. J., Gutierrez-Ramos, C., and Garside, P.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Journal of Immunology
Publisher:American Association of Immunologists
ISSN:0022-1767
ISSN (Online):1550-6606

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