Inter-relationships between corrosion and mineral-scale deposition in aqueous systems

Hodgkiess, T. (2004) Inter-relationships between corrosion and mineral-scale deposition in aqueous systems. Water Science and Technology, 49(2), pp. 121-128.

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The processes of corrosion and scale deposition in natural and process waters are often linked and this paper considers a number of instances of interactions between the two phenomena. In some circumstances a scale layer (e.g. calcium carbonate) can be advantageously utilised as a corrosion-protection coating on components and this feature has been exploited for many decades in the conditioning of water to induce spontaneous precipitation of a scale layer upon the surfaces of engineering equipment. The electrochemical mechanisms associated with some corrosion and corrosion-control processes can promote alkaline-scale deposition directly upon component surfaces. This is a feature that can be exploited in the operation of cathodic protection (CP) of structures and components submerged in certain types of water (e.g. seawater). Similar phenomena can occur during bi-metallic corrosion and a case study, involving carbon steel/stainless steel couples in seawater, is presented. Additional complexities pertain during cyclic loading of submerged reinforced concrete members in which scale deposition may reduce the severity of fatigue stresses but can be associated with severe corrosion damage to embedded reinforcing steel. Also considered are scale-control/corrosion interactions in thermal desalination plant and an indirect consequence of the scale-control strategy on vapourside corrosion is discussed.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Hodgkiess, Dr Trevor
Authors: Hodgkiess, T.
Subjects:T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Systems Power and Energy
Journal Name:Water Science and Technology

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