Changes in lipid levels and incidence of cardiovascular events following tofacitinib treatment in patients with psoriatic arthritis: a pooled analysis acrossphase III and long‐term extension studies

Gladman, D. D. et al. (2019) Changes in lipid levels and incidence of cardiovascular events following tofacitinib treatment in patients with psoriatic arthritis: a pooled analysis acrossphase III and long‐term extension studies. Arthritis Care and Research, 71(10), pp. 1387-1395. (doi:10.1002/acr.23930) (PMID:31112005) (PMCID:PMC6764856)

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Abstract

Objective: The risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is higher in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) compared to the general population. Tofacitinib is an oral Janus kinase inhibitor for the treatment of PsA. Because tofacitinib increases circulating lipid levels in some patients, we evaluated CVD risk factors and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients with active PsA receiving tofacitinib 5 or 10 mg twice daily plus conventional synthetic disease‐modifying antirheumatic drugs. Methods: Data were pooled from 2 phase III studies (Efficacy and Safety of Tofacitinib in Psoriatic Arthritis [OPAL Broaden] and Tofacitinib in Patients with Psoriatic Arthritis With Inadequate Response to TNF Inhibitors [OPAL Beyond]) and 1 ongoing long‐term extension (Open‐Label Extension Study of Tofacitinib in Psoriatic Arthritis [OPAL Balance], data cutoff January 2017; database not locked). Outcomes included fasting lipid levels, blood pressure, hypertension‐related adverse events (AEs; including hypertension, high blood pressure, and increased blood pressure), and MACE. Results: Overall, 783 tofacitinib‐treated patients were included. Percentage increases from baseline in low‐density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL‐c) and high‐density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL‐c) levels ranged from 9% to 14% for tofacitinib 5 mg and 10 mg at 3 and 6 months; no meaningful changes in LDL‐c:HDL‐c or total cholesterol:HDL‐c ratios were observed. Blood pressure remained stable for 24 months. Fifty‐eight patients (7.4%) had hypertension‐related AEs; none were fatal (incidence rate [IR] per 100 patient‐years 4.81 [95% confidence interval (95% CI) 3.65–6.22]). Five patients (0.6%) had MACE (IR 0.24 [95% CI 0.05–0.70]); 2 were fatal. Conclusion: Serum lipid level increases at month 3 following tofacitinib treatment in PsA were consistent with observations in rheumatoid arthritis and psoriasis. The IR of hypertension‐related AEs and MACE was low; long‐term follow‐up is ongoing.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:McInnes, Professor Iain
Authors: Gladman, D. D., Charles‐Schoeman, C., McInnes, I. B., Veale, D. J., Thiers, B., Nurmohamed, M., Graham, D., Wang, C., Jones, T., Wolk, R., and DeMasi, R.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Arthritis Care and Research
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:2151-464X
ISSN (Online):2151-4658
Published Online:21 May 2019
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2019 Pfizer Inc.
First Published:First published in Arthritis Care and Research 71(10):1387-1395
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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