Comparisons in screen-time behaviours among adolescents with and without long-term illnesses or disabilities: results from 2013/14 HBSC study

Ng, K., Augustine, L. and Inchley, J. (2018) Comparisons in screen-time behaviours among adolescents with and without long-term illnesses or disabilities: results from 2013/14 HBSC study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(10), 2276. (doi:10.3390/ijerph15102276) (PMID:30336575) (PMCID:PMC6210288)

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Abstract

Reducing sedentary behaviours can help prevent non-communicable diseases, particularly among young adolescents with long term illnesses or disabilities (LTID). Much of young people’s voluntary sedentary time is related to screen-time behaviours (STBs) such as TV viewing, playing computer games, and using the computer for other activities. Although public health data on adolescents’ STB is growing, information about adolescents with LTID is currently lacking in a European context. The purpose of this study is to compare time on STBs between adolescents with and without LTID in European Countries through the HBSC 2013/14 study. Young adolescents (n = 61,329; boys 47.8%) from 15 European countries reported the time spent on TV viewing, playing computer games, and using the computer for other purposes on weekdays and the weekend. STBs were dichotomised based on international recommendations of less than 2 h per day, and Chi-square tests of independence were performed to investigate differences. STB time was combined to produce a sum score as dependent variable in multiple analysis of covariance with age and family affluence as covariates. There were statistically significant differences in computer gaming among boys and other computer use among girls for both weekdays and weekends, whereby adolescents with LTID reported higher use. In addition, both boys and girls with LTID spent more time on STBs than their same sex peers without LTID (Boys, F = 28.17, p < 0.001; Girls, F = 9.60, p = 0.002). The results of this study indicate a need for preventive strategies to address high levels of STB among young adolescents with LTID and reduce the risk of poor health outcomes associated with higher levels of sedentary behaviour.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Inchley, Dr Joanna
Creator Roles:
Inchley, J.Conceptualization, Methodology, Writing – review and editing
Authors: Ng, K., Augustine, L., and Inchley, J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > MRC/CSO SPHSU
Journal Name:International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Publisher:MDPI
ISSN:1661-7827
ISSN (Online):1660-4601
Published Online:17 October 2018
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 by the authors
First Published:First published in International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15(10):2276
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons license

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