Thermodynamic analysis of the binding of component enzymes in the assembly of the pyruvate dehydrogenase multienzyme complex of Bacillus stearothermophilus

Jung, H.I., Bowden, S.J., Cooper, A. and Perham, R.N. (2002) Thermodynamic analysis of the binding of component enzymes in the assembly of the pyruvate dehydrogenase multienzyme complex of Bacillus stearothermophilus. Protein Science, 11(5), pp. 1091-1100. (doi:10.1110/ps.4970102)

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Publisher's URL: http://www.proteinscience.org/cgi/doi/10.1110/ps.4970102

Abstract

The peripheral subunit-binding domain (PSBD) of the dihydrolipoyl acetyltransferase (E2, EC 2.3.1.12) binds tightly but mutually exclusively to dihydrolipoyl dehydrogenase (E3, EC 1.8.1.4) and pyruvate decarboxylase (E1, EC 1.2.4.1) in the pyruvate dehydrogenase multienzyme complex of Bacillus stearothermophilus. Isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) experiments demonstrated that the enthalpies of binding (DeltaHdegrees) of both E3 and El with the PSBD varied with salt concentration, temperature, pH, and buffer composition. There is little significant difference in the free energies of binding (DeltaGdegrees = -12.6 kcal/mol for E3 and = -12.9 kcal/mol for E1 at pH 7.4 and 25degreesC. However, the association with E3 was characterized by a small, unfavorable enthalpy change (DeltaHdegrees = +2.2 kcal/mol) and a large, positive entropy change (TDeltaSdegrees = +14.8 kcal/mol), whereas that with E1 was accompanied by a favorable enthalpy change (DeltaHdegrees = -8.4 kcal/mol) and a less positive entropy change (TDeltaSdegrees = +4.5 kcal/mol). Values of DeltaC(p) of -316 cal/molK and -470 cal/molK were obtained for the binding of E3 and El, respectively. The value for E3 was not compatible with the DeltaC(p) calculated from the nonpolar surface area buried in the crystal structure of the E3-PSBD complex. In this instance, a large negative DeltaC(p) is not indicative of a classical hydrophobic interaction. In differential scanning calorimetry experiments, the midpoint melting temperature (T-m) of E3 increased from 91degreesC to 97.1degreesC when it was bound to PSBD, and that of El increased from 65.2degreesC to 70.0degreesC. These high T, values eliminate unfolding as a major source of the anomalous DeltaC(p) effects at the temperatures (10-37degreesC) used for the ITC experiments.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Cooper, Professor Alan
Authors: Jung, H.I., Bowden, S.J., Cooper, A., and Perham, R.N.
Subjects:Q Science > QH Natural history > QH345 Biochemistry
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
Journal Name:Protein Science
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0961-8368
ISSN (Online):1469-896X

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