Innate lymphoid cells drive interleukin-23-dependent innate intestinal pathology

Buonocore, S., Ahern, P. A., Uhlig, H. H., Ivanov, I. I., Littman, D. R., Maloy, K. J. and Powrie, F. (2010) Innate lymphoid cells drive interleukin-23-dependent innate intestinal pathology. Nature, 464(7293), pp. 1371-1375. (doi: 10.1038/nature08949) (PMID:20393462) (PMCID:PMC3796764)

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Abstract

The key role of interleukin (IL)-23 in the pathogenesis of autoimmune and chronic inflammatory disorders is supported by the identification of IL-23 receptor (IL-23R) susceptibility alleles associated with inflammatory bowel disease, psoriasis and ankylosing spondylitis. IL-23-driven inflammation has primarily been linked to the actions of T-helper type 17 (TH17) cells1. Somewhat overlooked, IL-23 also has inflammatory effects on innate immune cells2 and can drive T-cell-independent colitis. However, the downstream cellular and molecular pathways involved in this innate intestinal inflammatory response are poorly characterized. Here we show that bacteria-driven innate colitis is associated with an increased production of IL-17 and interferon-γ in the colon. Stimulation of colonic leukocytes with IL-23 induced the production of IL-17 and interferon-γ exclusively by innate lymphoid cells expressing Thy1, stem cell antigen 1 (SCA-1), retinoic-acid-related orphan receptor (ROR)-γt and IL-23R, and these cells markedly accumulated in the inflamed colon. IL-23-responsive innate intestinal cells are also a feature of T-cell-dependent models of colitis. The transcription factor ROR-γt, which controls IL-23R expression, has a functional role, because Rag-/-Rorc-/- mice failed to develop innate colitis. Last, depletion of Thy1+ innate lymphoid cells completely abrogated acute and chronic innate colitis. These results identify a previously unrecognized IL-23-responsive innate lymphoid population that mediates intestinal immune pathology and may therefore represent a target in inflammatory bowel disease.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Maloy, Professor Kevin
Authors: Buonocore, S., Ahern, P. A., Uhlig, H. H., Ivanov, I. I., Littman, D. R., Maloy, K. J., and Powrie, F.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Nature
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:0028-0836
ISSN (Online):1476-4687

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