Predictive value of thymidylate synthase and dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase protein expression on survival in adjuvantly treated stage III colon cancer patients

Westra, J. et al. (2005) Predictive value of thymidylate synthase and dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase protein expression on survival in adjuvantly treated stage III colon cancer patients. Annals of Oncology, 16(10), pp. 1646-1653. (doi:10.1093/annonc/mdi316)

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Abstract

Background: The predictive value of thymidylate synthase (TS) and dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) expression on long-term survival by influencing 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) effect were determined in primary tumours and node metastases of stage III colon cancer patients treated adjuvantly with 5-FU regimens (n = 391). The effect of TP53 mutation status, which is thought to be functionally linked to TS inhibition, was also examined. Patients and methods: TS and DPD protein expression was determined by immunohistochemical analysis using tissue microarrays of these colon tumours. Two hundred and twenty tumours had already been screened in a previous study for TP53 mutations. Results: Low TS protein levels in primary stage III colon tumours appeared to be associated with mucinous histology and low DPD protein levels with young age at time of randomisation. Concordance between TS and DPD expression in primary and metastatic tumours was low. No associations were found between disease-free survival (DFS) and TS or DPD protein levels. When stratified by TP53 mutation status DFS did not differ with TS expression. Conclusions: Expression of TS and DPD proteins is not predictive for survival in patients with stage III colon cancer treated adjuvantly with 5-FU regimens. TS protein levels did not alter the effect of TP53 mutation status.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Oien, Dr Karin and Keith, Professor Nicol
Authors: Westra, J., Hollema, H., Schaapveld, M., Platteel, I., Oien, K., Keith, W., Mauritz, R., Peters, G., Buys, C., Hofstra, R., and Plukker, J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:Annals of Oncology
ISSN:0923-7534

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