A new unifying account of the roles of neuronal entrainment

Lakatos, P., Gross, J. and Thut, G. (2019) A new unifying account of the roles of neuronal entrainment. Current Biology, 29(18), R890-R905. (doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2019.07.075)

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Rhythms are a fundamental and defining feature of neuronal activity in animals including humans. This rhythmic brain activity interacts in complex ways with rhythms in the internal and external environment through the phenomenon of ‘neuronal entrainment’, which is attracting increasing attention due to its suggested role in a multitude of sensory and cognitive processes. Some senses, such as touch and vision, sample the environment rhythmically, while others, like audition, are faced with mostly rhythmic inputs. Entrainment couples rhythmic brain activity to external and internal rhythmic events, serving fine-grained routing and modulation of external and internal signals across multiple spatial and temporal hierarchies. This interaction between a brain and its environment can be experimentally investigated and even modified by rhythmic sensory stimuli or invasive and non-invasive neuromodulation techniques. We provide a comprehensive overview of the topic and propose a theoretical framework of how neuronal entrainment dynamically structures information from incoming neuronal, bodily and environmental sources. We discuss the different types of neuronal entrainment, the conceptual advances in the field, and converging evidence for general principles.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This work was supported by NIH grants R01DC012947, R01MH109289, andP50MH109429 to P.L., and a Wellcome Trust Joint Investigator award toJ.G. and G.T. (grant numbers 098433 and 098434).
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Thut, Professor Gregor and Gross, Professor Joachim
Authors: Lakatos, P., Gross, J., and Thut, G.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology
Journal Name:Current Biology
Publisher:Elsevier (Cell Press)
ISSN (Online):1879-0445
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2019 The Authors
First Published:First published in Current Biology 29(18): R890-R905
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
167204Natural and modulated neural communication: State-dependent decoding and driving of human Brain Oscillations.Joachim GrossWellcome Trust (WELLCOTR)098433/Z/12/ZNP - Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging (CCNi)
167201Natural and modulated neural communication: State-dependent decoding and driving of human Brain OscillationsGregor ThutWellcome Trust (WELLCOTR)098434/Z/12/ZNP - Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging (CCNi)