Perceptions of past parenting and adult attachment as vulnerability factors for suicidal ideation in the context of the integrated motivational-volitional model of suicidal behavior

Zortea, T. C. , Gray, C. M. and O'Connor, R. C. (2020) Perceptions of past parenting and adult attachment as vulnerability factors for suicidal ideation in the context of the integrated motivational-volitional model of suicidal behavior. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 50(2), pp. 515-533. (doi: 10.1111/sltb.12606) (PMID:31763711)

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Abstract

Objective: We aimed to investigate whether perceptions of past parenting and current attachment orientations are associated with key components of the Integrated Motivational–Volitional (IMV) Model of Suicidal Behavior. We investigated the relationship between perceptions of past parenting, attachment, suicide ideation, defeat, entrapment, coping, and resilience. Method: A total of 730 adult participants responded to an online questionnaire comprised of psychological measures. An initial regression analysis indicated that memories of past parenting and attachment were associated with suicide ideation. Four mediation models were tested based on the IMV model, all controlling for depressive symptoms. Results: In the first model, attachment orientations mediated the relationships between perceptions of past parenting dimensions and defeat. In the second, defeat mediated the relationships between attachment orientations and entrapment. In the third, entrapment mediated the relationship between defeat and suicidal ideation, but coping did not moderate the defeat–entrapment relationship. In the final model, entrapment mediated the relationship between defeat and suicide ideation, with resilience moderating this relationship. Conclusions: The findings are novel and congruent with the core principles of the IMV model. Clinical implications suggest the protective effect of resilience and strengthening of self-compassion attitudes to reduce the effect of insecure attachment strategies.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:Funding: Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico. Grant Number: 203245/2014‐8
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Gray, Professor Cindy and Zortea, Dr Tiago and O'Connor, Professor Rory
Authors: Zortea, T. C., Gray, C. M., and O'Connor, R. C.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Social Scientists working in Health and Wellbeing
Journal Name:Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:0363-0234
ISSN (Online):1943-278X
Published Online:25 November 2019
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2019 The American Association of Suicidology
First Published:First published in Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior 50(2):515-533
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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