High performance quasi-isotropic thin-ply carbon/glass hybrid composites with pseudo-ductile behaviour in all fibre orientations

Fotouhi, M. , Jalalvand, M. and Wisnom, M. R. (2017) High performance quasi-isotropic thin-ply carbon/glass hybrid composites with pseudo-ductile behaviour in all fibre orientations. Composites Science and Technology, 152, pp. 101-110. (doi: 10.1016/j.compscitech.2017.08.024)

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Abstract

This study exploits the potential of thin-ply carbon/glass hybrid laminates to generate high performance Quasi-Isotropic (QI) composite plates that show pseudo-ductility in all fibre orientations under tensile loading, overcoming the inherent brittleness of conventional composites. Two types of QI lay-ups with 45° and 60° intervals, i.e. [45/90/-45/0] and [60/-60/0], were used to fabricate novel architectures of a QI T300-carbon laminate sandwiched between the two halves of a QI S-glass laminate. The fabricated plates were then loaded in all their fibre orientations. The laminates were designed by choosing an appropriate ratio of the carbon thickness to the laminate thickness using a robust analytical damage mode map. The experimental results verified the analytical predictions and showed a desirable pseudo-ductile failure in all the fibre orientations. Microscope images taken through the laminates thickness showed fragmentations (fibre fractures in the carbon layer) appearing only in the 0° carbon plies. A hybrid effect was observed, with an increase in strain and stress to failure of the carbon fibres, which was found to be dependent on the stiffness of the plies separating the 0° carbon plies and the plies adjacent to the 0° carbon plies. Altering the stacking sequence changes the stiffness of the separator and adjacent plies, therefore, leads to changes in the pseudo-ductile characteristics such as the initiation and final failure strains.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This work was funded under the UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) Programme Grant EP/I02946X/1 on High Performance Ductile Composite Technology in collaboration with Imperial College, London.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Fotouhi, Dr Mohammad
Authors: Fotouhi, M., Jalalvand, M., and Wisnom, M. R.
Subjects:T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Aerospace Sciences
Journal Name:Composites Science and Technology
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0266-3538
ISSN (Online):1879-1050
Published Online:24 August 2017
First Published:First published in Composites Science and Technology 152:101-110
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons license

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