The effect of microbial challenge on the intestinal proteome of broiler chickens

O'Reilly, E. L., Burchmore, R. J. , Eckersall, P. D. and Sparks, N. H. (2013) The effect of microbial challenge on the intestinal proteome of broiler chickens. In: de Almeida, A., Eckersall, D., Bencurova, E., Dolinska, S., Mlynarcik, P., Vincova, M. and Bhide, M. (eds.) Farm Animal Proteomics 2013: Proceedings of the 4th Management Committee Meeting and 3rd Meeting of Working Groups 1, 2 & 3 of COST Action FA1002 Košice, Slovakia 25-26 April 2013. Wageningen Academic Publishers: Wageningen, pp. 143-146. ISBN 9789086862221 (doi:10.3920/978-90-8686-776-9_38)

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Abstract

As well as providing a mechanism by which the body can derive nutrition from its environment, the gastrointestinal tract, composed as it is of physical and chemical immunological components must also safeguard the bird against disease (Yegani and Korver, 2008). Proteomics was used in this study to evaluate the effect of a microbial challenge (in this case used poultry litter) on the intestinal proteome of broiler chickens. Proteomic techniques have only recently been used to study poultry and to date this approach has not been used to study the intestinal proteome in chickens. Difference gel electrophoresis (DIGE), a proteomic approach where the proteins of several samples are labelled with spectrally distinct fluorescent dyes prior to electrophoretic separation (Westermeier, et al. 2008) was used to identify proteins differentially expressed in the intestines as a result of exposure to the mixed microbial challenge from used litter. Additionally the pen weights for the groups were recorded and the acute phase protein alpha-1-acid glycoprotein (AGP) a moderate indicator for infection and inflammation was also measured to identify any effects the addition of the litter had on innate immunity and growth rate of the birds.

Item Type:Book Sections
Status:Published
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Burchmore, Dr Richard and Sparks, Dr Nicholas and Eckersall, Professor David and O'Reilly, Dr Emily
Authors: O'Reilly, E. L., Burchmore, R. J., Eckersall, P. D., and Sparks, N. H.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Publisher:Wageningen Academic Publishers
ISBN:9789086862221

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