Photon bunching in a rotating reference frame

Restuccia, S. , Toros, M. , Gibson, G. M. , Ulbricht, H., Faccio, D. and Padgett, M. J. (2019) Photon bunching in a rotating reference frame. Physical Review Letters, 123(11), 110401. (doi: 10.1103/physrevlett.123.110401)

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Although quantum physics is well understood in inertial reference frames (flat spacetime), a current challenge is the search for experimental evidence of nontrivial or unexpected behavior of quantum systems in noninertial frames. Here, we present a novel test of quantum mechanics in a noninertial reference frame: we consider Hong-Ou-Mandel (HOM) interference on a rotating platform and study the effect of uniform rotation on the distinguishability of the photons. Both theory and experiments show that the rotational motion induces a relative delay in the photon arrival times at the exit beam splitter and that this delay is observed as a shift in the position of the HOM dip. This experiment can be extended to a full general relativistic test of quantum physics using satellites in Earth’s orbit and indicates a new route toward the use of photonic technologies for investigating quantum mechanics at the interface with relativity.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Gibson, Dr Graham and Faccio, Professor Daniele and Restuccia, Dr Sara and Padgett, Professor Miles and Toros, Dr Marko
Authors: Restuccia, S., Toros, M., Gibson, G. M., Ulbricht, H., Faccio, D., and Padgett, M. J.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Journal Name:Physical Review Letters
Publisher:American Physical Society
ISSN (Online):1079-7114
Published Online:10 September 2019
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2019 American Physical Society
First Published:First published in Physical Review Letters 123(11): 110401
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy
Data DOI:10.5525/gla.researchdata.852

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
303021Black Hole Superradiance in Rotating Fluids (SURF)Daniele FaccioEngineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)EP/P006078/2P&S - Physics & Astronomy
301688Nano-scale imaging with Hong-Ou-Mandel InterferometryDaniele FaccioEngineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)EP/R030081/1P&S - Physics & Astronomy