Effects of midazolam on cardiovascular responses and isoflurane requirement during elective ovariohysterectomy in dogs

Kropf, J. and Hughes, J.M. L. (2018) Effects of midazolam on cardiovascular responses and isoflurane requirement during elective ovariohysterectomy in dogs. Irish Veterinary Journal, 71, 26. (doi: 10.1186/s13620-018-0136-y) (PMID:30568789) (PMCID:PMC6297997)

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Abstract

Background: A prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, blinded clinical study was conducted to determine whether a single dose of midazolam affects the cardiovascular response to surgical manipulation of the ovaries during elective ovariohysterectomy. Thirty-nine client-owned dogs undergoing elective ovariohysterectomy were recruited. After scoring cage demeanour, dogs were premedicated with acepromazine (0.03 mg kg-1) and pethidine (3 mg kg-1) intramuscularly into the quadriceps muscle and 20 min later sedation was scored. Anaesthesia was induced with propofol intravenously (IV) to effect. The study treatment (group M: midazolam (0.25 mg kg-1); or group P: placebo (Hartmann’s solution) (0.125 ml kg-1)) was administered IV before the intra-operative manipulation of the first ovary. Anaesthesia was maintained with isoflurane in oxygen. Morphine (0.3 mg kg-1 IV) was administered prior to the start of surgery. The vaporizer setting was adjusted according to the depth of anaesthesia. If an end-tidal isoflurane concentration (FE’Iso) above 1.6% was required additional analgesia was provided with fentanyl (2 μg kg-1). Dogs received meloxicam (0.2 mg kg-1 IV) at the end of procedure. Heart rate, mean arterial blood pressure, respiratory rate and end-tidal partial pressure of carbon dioxide as well as FE’Iso were recorded and analysed. Results: A statistical significant difference between groups was detected in FE’Iso, with group M requiring a significantly lower FE’Iso than group P (14.3%) after administration of midazolam. No differences between groups was shown for percentage change in heart rate and mean arterial blood pressure, or end-tidal carbon dioxide and requirement for mechanical ventilation, or rescue analgesia. There was no statistically significant difference in the incidence of complications in group M and P. Group M received significantly more succinylated gelatin solution pre-administration of midazolam than group P, but no differences in fluid administration post-administration of the study treatment (midazolam/placebo) were detected. No statistical significant difference was demonstrated for the use of anticholinergic agents, dobutamine or noradrenaline. Conclusion: No significant effect on cardiovascular parameters could be observed with administration of midazolam, but a modest (14.3%) isoflurane-sparing effect was detected.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Kropf, Ms Josephine
Authors: Kropf, J., and Hughes, J.M. L.
Subjects:S Agriculture > SF Animal culture > SF600 Veterinary Medicine
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Veterinary Medicine
Journal Name:Irish Veterinary Journal
Publisher:BioMed Central
ISSN:2046-0481
ISSN (Online):2046-0481
Published Online:17 December 2018
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 The Authors
First Published:First published in Irish Veterinary Journal 71:26
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons license

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