Characterization of the fluorodihydrouracil substituent in 5-fluorouracil-containing Escherichia coli transfer RNA

Horowitz, J., Cotten, M. L. , Hardin, C. C. and Gollnick, P. (1983) Characterization of the fluorodihydrouracil substituent in 5-fluorouracil-containing Escherichia coli transfer RNA. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta: Gene Structure and Expression, 741(1), pp. 70-76. (doi: 10.1016/0167-4781(83)90011-8) (PMID:6351924)

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The fluorodihydrouridine derivative previously detected in one of two isoaccepting forms of FUra-substituted Escherichia coli tRNAMetf has been further characterized. This substituent is responsible for the 19F resonance observed 15 ppm upfield from free FUra (= 0 ppm) in the high resolution 19F-NMR spectra of FUra-substituted tRNA purified by chromatography on DEAE-cellulose, at pH 8.9, to remove normal tRNA. Similar highfield 19F signals have now been observed in the spectra of two other purified fluorinated E. coli tRNAs, tRNAMetm and tRNAVall, as well as in unfractionated tRNA, indicating the widespread occurrence of the constituent. Comparison with 19F spectrum of the model compound 5′-deoxy-5-fluoro-5,6-dihydrouridine (dH56FUrd) (δFUra = − 31.4 ppm; JHF = 48 Hz) indicates that the substituent does not contain an intact fluorodihydrouridine ring. dH56FUrd is considerably more alkali labile than 5,6-dihydrouridine (H56Urd). At pH 8.9, where H56Urd is stable, dH56FUrd is degraded to a derivative, presumably a fluoroureidopropionic acid, with a 19F resonance at − 15.7 ppm that nearly coincides with the upfield peak in the spectrum of pH 8.9-treated tRNA. The 19F-NMR spectrum of fluorinated tRNA, not exposed to pH 8.9, exhibits two peaks 31 and 32 ppm upfield of FUra, in place of the 19F signal at − 15 ppm. Hydrolysis of this tRNA with RNAase T2 produces a sharp doublet 33 ppm upfield (JHF = 45 Hz). Similarities of the 19F chemical shift and coupling constant to those of dH56FUrd, allows assignment of the peak at − 33 ppm to an intact fluorodihydrouridine residue in the tRNA. Our results demonstrate that FUra residues incorporated into E. coli tRNA at sites normally occupied by dihydrouridine can be recognized by tRNA-modifying enzymes and reduced to fluorodihydrouridine. This substituent is labile at moderately alkaline pH values and undergoes ring-opening during purification of the tRNA.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Cotten, Professor Matthew
Authors: Horowitz, J., Cotten, M. L., Hardin, C. C., and Gollnick, P.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Biochimica et Biophysica Acta: Gene Structure and Expression
ISSN (Online):1879-2634

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