Adenovirus enhancement of transferrin-polylysine-mediated gene delivery.

Curiel, D.T., Agarwal, S., Wagner, E. and Cotten, M. (1991) Adenovirus enhancement of transferrin-polylysine-mediated gene delivery. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 88(19), pp. 8850-8854. (doi: 10.1073/pnas.88.19.8850) (PMID:1681545) (PMCID:PMC52608)

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Abstract

Gene transfer may be accomplished by the receptor-mediated endocytosis pathway using transferrin-polylysine conjugates. For some target cells, however, gene transfer by this vector is extremely limited, despite the presence of the appropriate surface receptors, a phenomenon attributed to lysosomal degradation of endosome-internalized conjugate-DNA complexes. To enhance DNA escape from the cell vesicle system and thus augment gene transfer by this route, we have used the capacity of adenoviruses to disrupt endosomes as part of their entry mechanism. Adenoviral infection augmented levels of gene transfer by transferrin-polylysine conjugates in a dose-dependent manner: levels of gene transfer of greater than 2000-fold above baseline were achieved. Use of the adenovirus in this context allowed enhanced levels of gene transfer in a variety of target cells, including cell lines otherwise refractory to gene transfer by transferrin-polylysine conjugates. This augmentation was based on adenoviral-mediated vesicle disruption, a process independent of viral gene expression. Thus, the development of specific mechanisms to effect release from the endosome in combination with gene transfer by the receptor-mediated endocytosis pathway will increase the utility of this delivery system by allowing high levels of gene expression in target cells.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Cotten, Professor Matthew
Authors: Curiel, D.T., Agarwal, S., Wagner, E., and Cotten, M.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Publisher:National Academy of Sciences
ISSN:0027-8424
ISSN (Online):1091-6490

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