Distribution of intermediate host snails of schistosomiasis and fascioliasis in relation to environmental factors during the dry season in the Tchologo region, Côte d’Ivoire

Krauth, S. J. , Wandel, N., Traoré, S. I., Vounatsou, P., Hattendorf, J., Achi, L. Y., McNeill, K., N'Goran, E. K. and Utzinger, J. (2017) Distribution of intermediate host snails of schistosomiasis and fascioliasis in relation to environmental factors during the dry season in the Tchologo region, Côte d’Ivoire. Advances in Water Resources, 108, pp. 386-396. (doi:10.1016/j.advwatres.2016.11.016)

Krauth, S. J. , Wandel, N., Traoré, S. I., Vounatsou, P., Hattendorf, J., Achi, L. Y., McNeill, K., N'Goran, E. K. and Utzinger, J. (2017) Distribution of intermediate host snails of schistosomiasis and fascioliasis in relation to environmental factors during the dry season in the Tchologo region, Côte d’Ivoire. Advances in Water Resources, 108, pp. 386-396. (doi:10.1016/j.advwatres.2016.11.016)

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Abstract

Snail-borne trematodiases, such as fascioliasis and schistosomiasis, belong to the neglected tropical diseases; yet, millions of people and livestock are affected. The spatial and temporal distribution of intermediate host snails plays an important role in the epidemiology and control of trematodiases. Snail distribution is influenced by numerous environmental and anthropomorphic factors. The aim of this study was to assess the distribution and constitution of the snail fauna during the dry season in constructed and natural water bodies in the Tchologo region, northern Côte d’Ivoire, and to relate these findings to environmental factors and human infections. Snails were collected using standard procedures and environmental parameters were assessed from a total of 50 water bodies in and around 30 randomly selected villages. A canonical correspondence analysis was performed to establish the relationship between snail occurrence and environmental factors. Furthermore, a total of 743 people from the same 30 villages and nearby settlements were invited for stool and urine examination for the diagnosis of Fasciola spp., Schistosoma haematobium and Schistosoma mansoni. Snails of medical importance of the genera Biomphalaria, Bulinus, Lymnaea and Physa were found. Differences in snail occurrence from sites sampled in December 2014 and snails sampled in February 2015, as well as between the northern and southern part of the study area, were revealed. Various environmental factors, such as temperature and human activities, were related to the occurrence of intermediate host snail species in the region. Only 2.3% of human participants tested positive for schistosomiasis, while no Fasciola eggs were found in stool samples. We conclude that intermediate host snails of Fasciola and Schistosoma co-occur in water bodies in the Tchologo region and that the distribution of these snails correlates not only with environmental factors, but also with the presence of humans and animals and the environmental contamination of their excreta.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Krauth, Dr Stefanie
Authors: Krauth, S. J., Wandel, N., Traoré, S. I., Vounatsou, P., Hattendorf, J., Achi, L. Y., McNeill, K., N'Goran, E. K., and Utzinger, J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Biodiversity Animal Health and Comparative Medicine
Journal Name:Advances in Water Resources
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0309-1708
ISSN (Online):1872-9657
Published Online:21 December 2016

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