An elevated C-reactive protein concentration, prior to surgery, predicts poor cancer-specific survival in patients undergoing resection for gastro-oesophageal cancer

Crumley, A.B.C., McMillan, D.C. , McKernan, M., Going, J.J., Shearer, C.J. and Stuart, R.C. (2006) An elevated C-reactive protein concentration, prior to surgery, predicts poor cancer-specific survival in patients undergoing resection for gastro-oesophageal cancer. British Journal of Cancer, 94, pp. 1568-1571. (doi:10.1038/sj.bjc.6603150)

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Abstract

There is increasing evidence that the presence of an ongoing systemic inflammatory response is associated with poor outcome in patients undergoing resection for a variety of tumours. The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship between clinico-pathological status, preoperative C-reactive protein concentration and cancer-specific survival in patients undergoing resection for gastro-oesophageal cancer. One hundred and twenty patients attending the upper gastrointestinal surgical unit in the Royal Infirmary, Glasgow, who were selected for potentially curative surgery, were included in the study. Laboratory measurements of haemoglobin, white cell, lymphocyte and platelet counts, albumin and C-reactive protein were carried out at the time of diagnosis. All patients underwent en-bloc resection with lymphadenectomy and survived at least 30 days following surgery. On multivariate analysis, only the positive to total lymph node ratio (hazard ratio (HR) 2.02, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.44–2.84, P<0.001) and preoperative C-reactive protein concentration (HR 3.53, 95% CI 1.88–6.64, P <0.001) were independent predictors of cancer-specific survival. The patient group with no evidence of a preoperative systemic inflammatory response (C-reactive protein less than or equal to10 mg l-1) had a median survival of 79 months compared with 19 months in the elevated systemic inflammatory response group (P<0.001). The results of the present study indicate that in patients selected to undergo potentially curative resection for gastro-oesophageal cancer, the presence of an elevated preoperative C-reactive protein concentration is an independent predictor of poor cancer-specific survival.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:McMillan, Professor Donald and Going, Dr James
Authors: Crumley, A.B.C., McMillan, D.C., McKernan, M., Going, J.J., Shearer, C.J., and Stuart, R.C.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Clinical Specialities
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:British Journal of Cancer
ISSN:0007-0920
Published Online:09 May 2006

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