The prevalence, characteristics, and impact of head injury in female prisoners: a systematic PRISMA review

McGinley, A. and McMillan, T. (2019) The prevalence, characteristics, and impact of head injury in female prisoners: a systematic PRISMA review. Brain Injury, (doi:10.1080/02699052.2019.1658223) (Early Online Publication)

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Abstract

Background: Although head injury (HI) is associated with offending behavior, there has been relatively little attention to female prisoners. This systematic review considers prevalence and characteristics of females prisoners with HI, with a view towards improving understanding of service needs. Methods: Electronic databases, two meta-analyses and two systematic reviews were searched for relevant papers. Studies describing the prevalence of HI in female prisoners were included and assessed for risk of bias. Results: Twelve studies were included. Prevalence of HI ranged from 19%-95%. It was lower if using hospital records rather than self-report and generally not different by gender. Risk of bias was high overall, with little consistency in assessment methods and definition of HI. Sample sizes of female prisoners with HI were often modest and not clearly representative of the population. The experiences/needs of prisoners can differ by gender, females having a higher risk of physical and mental health problems, including psychological trauma. Conclusion: HI is prevalent in female prisoners, and their needs and experiences may differ from male prisoners with HI and female prisoners without. Future research should address methodological limitations to allow a firm, evidence base for effective services and interventions for female prisoners with HI to be developed.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:NHS Education Scotland and the Scottish Government part funded the study.
Status:Early Online Publication
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:McGinley, Abigail and McMillan, Professor Tom
Authors: McGinley, A., and McMillan, T.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
Journal Name:Brain Injury
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
ISSN:0269-9052
ISSN (Online):1362-301X
Published Online:28 August 2019
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2019 Taylor and Francis Group, LLC
First Published:First published in Brain Injury 2019
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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