Frequency–distance structure of solar radio sources observed by LOFAR

Gordovskyy, M., Kontar, E. , Browning, P. and Kuznetsov, A. (2019) Frequency–distance structure of solar radio sources observed by LOFAR. Astrophysical Journal, 873(1), 48. (doi: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab03d8)

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Low-frequency radio observations make it possible to study the solar corona at distances up to 2–3 R ☉. Frequency of plasma emission is a proxy for electron density of the emitting plasma and, therefore, observations of solar radio bursts can be used to probe the density structure of the outer corona. In this study, positions of solar radio sources are investigated using the Low-Frequency Array (LOFAR) spectral imaging in the frequency range 30–50 MHz. We show that there are events where apparent positions of the radio sources cannot be explained using the standard coronal density models. Namely, the apparent heliocentric positions of the sources are 0.1–0.7 R ☉ further from the Sun compared with the positions predicted by the Newkirk model, and these shifts are frequency-dependent. We discuss several possible explanations for this effect, including enhanced plasma density in the flaring corona, as well as scattering and refraction of the radio waves.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Kontar, Professor Eduard
Authors: Gordovskyy, M., Kontar, E., Browning, P., and Kuznetsov, A.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Journal Name:Astrophysical Journal
Publisher:IOP Publishing
ISSN (Online):1538-4357
Published Online:04 March 2019
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2019 The American Astronomical Society
First Published:First published in Astrophysical Journal 873(1):48
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
631581Consolidated grant in solar and astrophysical plasmasLyndsay FletcherScience & Technology Facilities Council (STFC)ST/L000741/1S&E P&A - PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY