Variation at the beta-1 adrenoceptor gene locus affects left ventricular mass in renal failure

Stanton, T., Inglis, G.C., Padmanabhan, S. , Dominiczak, A.F. , Jardine, A.G. and Connell, J.M. (2002) Variation at the beta-1 adrenoceptor gene locus affects left ventricular mass in renal failure. Journal of Nephrology, 15(5), pp. 512-518.

Stanton, T., Inglis, G.C., Padmanabhan, S. , Dominiczak, A.F. , Jardine, A.G. and Connell, J.M. (2002) Variation at the beta-1 adrenoceptor gene locus affects left ventricular mass in renal failure. Journal of Nephrology, 15(5), pp. 512-518.

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Abstract

<p><b>Objectives:</b> To examine the relationship between this variation in the beta1AR gene and the effect on LV mass.</p> <p><b>Background:</b> Left ventricular (LV) mass is an important cardiovascular risk factor. Beta-1 adrenoceptors (betaAR) are predominately located in the heart and their variation may, therefore, affect LV mass. A known polymorphism of the betaAR changes the amino acid at position 389 from glycine to arginine within an area critical for G-protein coupling and so cell signalling. The arginine-form of the receptor has been demonstrated to have increased GTP binding.</p> <p><b>METHODS:</b> We studied 249 patients attending a renal clinic, 37% of whom were on renal replacement therapy (RRT). Raw LV mass was calculated by echocardiography. LV mass index (LVMI) and LV mass indexed to height2.7 were derived thereafter. Individuals were genotyped for the beta1AR variation and categorised CC if both alleles encoded for arginine at position 389, GG if both alleles encoded for glycine and CG if heterozygous.</p> <p><b>Results:</b> There was a highly significant difference in raw LV mass, LV mass index and LV mass indexed to height2.7 between the GG group when compared to both the CC and CG genotypes groups (p<0.05). The strength of the relationship was maintained when patients on RRT or taking beta-blockers were excluded (p<0.05).</p> <p><b>Conclusions:</b> These data suggest that genetic variation at this locus is of importance in defining left ventricular mass.</p>

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Padmanabhan, Professor Sandosh and Dominiczak, Professor Anna and Connell, Professor John and Jardine, Professor Alan
Authors: Stanton, T., Inglis, G.C., Padmanabhan, S., Dominiczak, A.F., Jardine, A.G., and Connell, J.M.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > General Practice and Primary Care
Journal Name:Journal of Nephrology
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