Potential role for Streptococcus gordonii-derived hydrogen peroxide in heme acquisition by Porphyromonas gingivalis

Brown, J.L. , Yates, E.A., Bielecki, M., Olczak, T. and Smalley, J.W. (2018) Potential role for Streptococcus gordonii-derived hydrogen peroxide in heme acquisition by Porphyromonas gingivalis. Molecular Oral Microbiology, 33(4), pp. 322-335. (doi: 10.1111/omi.12229) (PMID:29847019)

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Streptococcus gordonii, an accessory pathogen and early colonizer of plaque, co‐aggregates with many oral species including Porphyromonas gingivalis. It causes α‐hemolysis on blood agar, a process mediated by H2O2 and thought to involve concomitant oxidation of hemoglobin (Hb). Porphyromonas gingivalis has a growth requirement for heme, which is acquired mainly from Hb. The paradigm for Hb heme acquisition involves the initial oxidation of oxyhemoglobin (oxyHb) to methemoglobin (metHb), followed by heme release and extraction through the actions of K‐gingipain protease and/or the HmuY hemophore‐like protein. The ability of S. gordonii to mediate Hb oxidation may potentially aid heme capture during co‐aggregation with P. gingivalis. Hemoglobin derived from zones of S. gordonii α‐hemolysis was found to be metHb. Generation of metHb from oxyHb by S. gordonii cells was inhibited by catalase, and correlated with levels of cellular H2O2 production. Generation of metHb by S. gordonii occurred through the higher Hb oxidation state of ferrylhemoglobin. Heme complexation by the P. gingivalis HmuY was employed as a measure of the ease of heme capture from metHb. HmuY was able to extract iron(III)protoporphyrin IX from metHb derived from zones of S. gordonii α‐hemolysis and from metHb generated by the action of S. gordonii cells on isolated oxyHb. The rate of HmuY‐Fe(III)heme complex formation from S. gordonii‐mediated metHb was greater than from an equivalent concentration of auto‐oxidized metHb. It is concluded that S. gordonii may potentially aid heme acquisition by P. gingivalis by facilitating metHb formation in the presence of oxyHb.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Brown, Dr Jason
Authors: Brown, J.L., Yates, E.A., Bielecki, M., Olczak, T., and Smalley, J.W.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Dental School
Journal Name:Molecular Oral Microbiology
ISSN (Online):2041-1014
Published Online:30 May 2018

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