Colonial governance, disaster, and the social in Bhabani Bhattacharya’s novels of 1943 Bengal famine

Bhattacharya, S. (2016) Colonial governance, disaster, and the social in Bhabani Bhattacharya’s novels of 1943 Bengal famine. ARIEL: A Review of International English Literature, 47(4), pp. 45-70. (doi:10.1353/ari.2016.0032)

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Abstract

How does a creative writer, situated in a geography of disaster, represent a disaster? Which areas or factors of the disaster does he highlight and which does he ignore? What happens if that writer is also a professional historian, journalist, and social scientist? These are some of the questions that this essay asks through a reading of the representation of the 1943–44 Bengal famine in Bhabani Bhattacharya’s novels. The first section concerns the relations between late colonial governance, disaster, and violence in So Many Hungers! (1947), and the second analyses the roles of caste, law, and subaltern agency during this famine in He Who Rides a Tiger (1954). This essay argues that the Second World War, the class basis of the disaster, and the immediacy of suffering compelled Bhattacharya to write in a deeply analytical-ethnographic mode that also had to negotiate with the literary. By studying the novels’ representations of the economic, historical, and political elements of the era, this essay attempts to situate the wider horizons of the social in times of famine.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Bhattacharya, Dr Sourit
Authors: Bhattacharya, S.
College/School:College of Arts > School of Critical Studies > English Literature
Journal Name:ARIEL: A Review of International English Literature
Publisher:John Hopkins University Press
ISSN:0004-1327
ISSN (Online):1920-1222

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