Isolation and therapeutic potential of human haemopoietic stem cells

Clark, A.D., Jorgensen, H.G., Mountford, J.C. and Holyoake, T.L. (2003) Isolation and therapeutic potential of human haemopoietic stem cells. Cytotechnology, 41(2-3), pp. 111-131. (doi:10.1023/A:1024822722285)

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Abstract

The haemopoietic stem cell (HSC) has long been regarded as an archetypal, tissue specific, stem cell, capable of completely regenerating haemopoiesis after myeloablation. It has proved relatively easy to harvest HSC, from bone marrow or peripheral blood. In turn, isolation of these cells has allowed therapeutic stem cell transplantation protocols to be developed, that capitalise on their prodigious self renewal and proliferative capabilities. Ex vivo approaches have been described to isolate, genetically manipulate and expand pluripotent stem cell subsets. These techniques have been crucial to the development of gene therapy, and may allow adults to enjoy the potential advantages of cord blood transplantation. Recently, huge conceptual changes have occurred in stem cell biology. In particular, the dogma that, in adults, stem cells are exclusively tissue restricted has been questioned and there is great excitement surrounding the potential plasticity of these cells, with the profound implications that this has, for developing novel cellular therapies. Mesenchymal stem cells, multipotent adult progenitor cells and embryonic stem cells are potential sources of cells for transplantation purposes. These cells may be directed to produce HSC, in vitro and in the future may be used for therapeutic, or drug development, purposes.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Holyoake, Professor Tessa and Clark, Dr Andrew and Mountford, Dr Joanne and Jorgensen, Dr Heather
Authors: Clark, A.D., Jorgensen, H.G., Mountford, J.C., and Holyoake, T.L.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:Cytotechnology
ISSN:0920-9069

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