Uptake of breast and cervical cancer screening in four Gulf Cooperation Council countries

So, V. H.T. , Channon, A. A., Ali, M. M., Merdad, L., Al Sabahi, S., Al Suwaidi, H., Al Ajeel, A., Osman, N. and Khoja, T. A.M. (2019) Uptake of breast and cervical cancer screening in four Gulf Cooperation Council countries. European Journal of Cancer Prevention, 28(5), pp. 451-456. (doi:10.1097/CEJ.0000000000000466) (PMID:30260812)

So, V. H.T. , Channon, A. A., Ali, M. M., Merdad, L., Al Sabahi, S., Al Suwaidi, H., Al Ajeel, A., Osman, N. and Khoja, T. A.M. (2019) Uptake of breast and cervical cancer screening in four Gulf Cooperation Council countries. European Journal of Cancer Prevention, 28(5), pp. 451-456. (doi:10.1097/CEJ.0000000000000466) (PMID:30260812)

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Abstract

In Gulf Cooperation Council States, there is limited information on national levels of mammography and Pap smear screening uptake. The aim of this study is to provide a baseline for national estimates for mammography and Pap smear screening and to explore associations between screening uptake and socioeconomic factors. The nationally representative World Health Survey Plus, implemented in 2008/2009 in Kuwait, Oman, Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates (UAE), was used. Uptake of mammography and Pap smear was estimated for each country, followed by the examination of associations between screening and a range of socioeconomic variables. Levels of breast and cervical cancer screening uptake within recommended intervals in all countries were low. The percentages of women aged 40-75 years who had a mammogram were 4.9% in Saudi Arabia, 8.9% in Oman, 13.9% in the UAE and 14.6% in Kuwait. The percentages of women aged 25-49 years who had a Pap smear test were 7.6% in Saudi Arabia, 10.6% in Oman, 17.7% in Kuwait and 28.0% in the UAE. Marital status, wealth, education, nationality and place of residence are associated with screening uptake, with the lower educated, poor and unmarried having the lowest percentages of uptake. The four Gulf Cooperation Council countries need to set clear targets and increase the proportion of women who have regular breast and cervical cancer screening examinations. Health education campaigns and awareness programmes that are fully integrated into the health system are required to ensure women use services that are available to prevent breast and cervical cancers.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This paper is financially supported by the World Health Organisation Regional Office of Eastern Mediterranean, Cairo, Egypt.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:So, Dr Vivian
Authors: So, V. H.T., Channon, A. A., Ali, M. M., Merdad, L., Al Sabahi, S., Al Suwaidi, H., Al Ajeel, A., Osman, N., and Khoja, T. A.M.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > MRC/CSO Unit
Journal Name:European Journal of Cancer Prevention
Publisher:Lippincott Williams and Wilkins
ISSN:0959-8278
ISSN (Online):1473-5709
Published Online:26 September 2018
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc
First Published:First published in European Journal of Cancer Prevention 28(5):451-456
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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