Exploration of the ultimate patterning potential achievable with high resolution focused ion beams

Gierak, J. et al. (2005) Exploration of the ultimate patterning potential achievable with high resolution focused ion beams. Applied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing, 80(1), pp. 187-194. (doi: 10.1007/s00339-004-2551-z)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00339-004-2551-z


Controlled and reproducible fabrication of nanostructured materials will be one of the main industrial challenges in the next few years. We have recently proposed exploitation of the nano-structuring potential of a high resolution Focused Ion Beam Tool, to overcome basic limitations of current nano- fabrication techniques. The aim of this article is to present some new routes for material patterning, which benefit from ion-induced local property modifications or damage. In the experiments we describe hereafter an ultra-sharp pencil of 30 keV gallium ions is used to tailor the characteristics of several materials at a scale of a few nanometres. The experimental results are then compared to simulations. First, we simulate the control of collisional defects generated in a thin magnetic layer under FIB irradiation. The results explain the stable magnetic structures we have obtained experimentally. This was achieved with a low surface ion dose (10(12) to 10(14) ions/cm(2)). In addition we have explored the promising direction of "Bottom-up" or "self-organization" processes using a FIB instrument. We have defined artificial surface defects. These defects created by the impact of an 8-nm FWHM probe were used to pin the diffusion and to organize nanometre-sized gold clusters on a graphite surface.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Chapman, Professor John
Authors: Gierak, J., Mailly, D., Hawkes, P., Jede, R., Bruchhaus, L., Bardotti, L., Prevel, B., Melinon, P., Perez, A., Hyndman, R., Jamet, J.P., Ferre, J., Mougin, A., Chappert, C., Mathet, V., Warin, P., and Chapman, J.N.
Subjects:Q Science > QC Physics
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Journal Name:Applied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing
Journal Abbr.:Appl. Phys. A
ISSN (Online):1432-0630
Published Online:27 February 2004

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