Mycoprotein as a possible alternative source of dietary protein to support muscle and metabolic health

Coelho, M. O.C., Monteyne, A. J., Dunlop, M. V., Harris, H. C., Morrison, D. J. , Stephens, F. B. and Wall, B. T. (2020) Mycoprotein as a possible alternative source of dietary protein to support muscle and metabolic health. Nutrition Reviews, 78(6), pp. 486-497. (doi: 10.1093/nutrit/nuz077) (PMID:31841152)

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Abstract

The world’s population is expanding, leading to an increased global requirement for dietary protein to support health and adaptation in various populations. Though a strong evidence base supports the nutritional value of animal-derived dietary proteins, mounting challenges associated with sustainability of these proteins have led to calls for the investigation of alternative, non–animal-derived dietary protein sources. Mycoprotein is a sustainably produced, protein-rich, high-fiber, whole food source derived from the fermentation of fungus. Initial investigations in humans demonstrated that mycoprotein consumption can lower circulating cholesterol concentrations. Recent data also report improved acute postprandial glycemic control and a potent satiety effect following mycoprotein ingestion. It is possible that these beneficial effects are attributable to the amount and type of dietary fiber present in mycoprotein. Emerging data suggest that the amino acid composition and bioavailability of mycoprotein may also position it as a promising dietary protein source to support skeletal muscle protein metabolism. Mycoprotein may be a viable dietary protein source to promote training adaptations in athletes and the maintenance of muscle mass to support healthy aging. Herein, current evidence underlying the metabolic effects of mycoprotein is reviewed, and the key questions to be addressed are highlighted.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Morrison, Dr Douglas and Harris, Hannah
Authors: Coelho, M. O.C., Monteyne, A. J., Dunlop, M. V., Harris, H. C., Morrison, D. J., Stephens, F. B., and Wall, B. T.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
College of Science and Engineering > Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre
Journal Name:Nutrition Reviews
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0029-6643
ISSN (Online):1753-4887
Published Online:16 December 2019
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2019 The Authors
First Published:First published in Nutrition Reviews 78(6): 486-497
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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