Advances in therapies and imaging for systemic vasculitis

Farrah, T. E., Basu, N. , Dweck, M., Calcagno, C., Fayad, Z. A. and Dhaun, N. (2019) Advances in therapies and imaging for systemic vasculitis. Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology, 39, pp. 1520-1541. (doi: 10.1161/atvbaha.118.310957) (PMID:31189432)

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Vasculitis is a systemic disease characterized by immune-mediated injury of blood vessels. Current treatments for vasculitis, such as glucocorticoids and alkylating agents, are associated with significant side effects. Furthermore, the management of both small and large vessel vasculitis is challenging because of a lack of robust markers of disease activity. Recent research has advanced our understanding of the pathogenesis of both small and large vessel vasculitis, and this has led to the development of novel biologic therapies capable of targeting key cytokine and cellular effectors of the inflammatory cascade. In parallel, a diverse range of imaging modalities with the potential to monitor vessel inflammation are emerging. Continued expansion of combined structural and molecular imaging using positron emission tomography with computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging may soon provide reliable longitudinal tracking of vascular inflammation. In addition, the emergence of radiotracers able to assess macrophage activation and immune checkpoint activity represents an exciting new frontier in imaging vascular inflammation. In the near future, these advances will allow more precise imaging of disease activity enabling clinicians to offer more targeted and individualized patient management.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:Sources of funding: T.E. Farrah is supported by a Medical Research Council Clinical Research Training Fellowship.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Basu, Professor Neil
Authors: Farrah, T. E., Basu, N., Dweck, M., Calcagno, C., Fayad, Z. A., and Dhaun, N.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
Publisher:American Heart Association
ISSN (Online):1524-4636
Published Online:13 June 2019
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2019 The Authors
First Published:First published in Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology 39:1520-1541
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons license

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