Outcomes following coronary artery bypass grafting and percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty in the stent era: a prospective study of all 9890 consecutive patients operated on in Scotland over a two year period

Pell, J.P. et al. (2001) Outcomes following coronary artery bypass grafting and percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty in the stent era: a prospective study of all 9890 consecutive patients operated on in Scotland over a two year period. Heart, 85(6), pp. 662-666. (doi:10.1136/heart.85.6.662) (PMID:11359748) (PMCID:PMC1729765)

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Abstract

Objective - To determine current outcomes of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Design - The Scottish coronary revascularisation register provided prospectively collected data on case mix and in-hospital complications for all revascularisation procedures between April 1997 and March 1999 (4775 PTCA; 5115 CABG). Linkage to routine hospital discharge and death data provided follow up information on survival and repeat revascularisation. Results - Stents were used in 51% of PTCA procedures. CABG patients were older, had more severe coronary disease, and had greater comorbidity PTCA was more likely to be undertaken as an urgent or emergency procedure. Perioperative death and urgent surgery followed 0.3% and 0.6% of PTCA procedures, respectively. Case fatality rates were higher following CABG, with 6.7% dead within two years compared with 3.4% following PTCA. PTCA was more often followed by readmission for ischaemic heart disease, repeat angiography, or revascularisation: 22.8% of patients had repeat revascularisation within two years, compared with 1.8% following CABG. Conclusions - The severity of coronary heart disease was greater than in previously published registry studies and randomised trials. Despite this, overall survival figures were comparable and repeat revascularisation rates lower, particularly following PTCA. Perioperative death and urgent surgery following PTCA were also lower. These favourable outcomes may be attributable, in part, to increased use of bail our and elective stenting.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Walsh, Mr David and Norrie, Prof John and Oldroyd, Dr Keith and Davidson, Professor Kate and Eteiba, Dr Hany and Colquhoun, Mrs Ann Marie and Pell, Professor Jill
Authors: Pell, J.P., Walsh, D., Norrie, J., Berg, G., Colquhoun, A.D., Davidson, K., Eteiba, H., Faichney, A., Flapan, A., Hogg, K.J., Jeffrey, R.R., Jennings, K., McArthur, J., Mankad, P., Oldroyd, K., Pell, A.C., and Starkey, I.R.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Public Health
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Robertson Centre
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Centre for Population and Health Sciences
Journal Name:Heart
Publisher:BMJ Publishing Group
ISSN:1355-6037
Published Online:01 June 2001

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