Change in CSF dynamics responsible for ICP elevation after ischemic stroke in rats: a new mechanism for unexplained END?

Alshuhri, M. S. , Gallagher, L., McCabe, C. and Holmes, W. M. (2019) Change in CSF dynamics responsible for ICP elevation after ischemic stroke in rats: a new mechanism for unexplained END? Translational Stroke Research, (doi:10.1007/s12975-019-00719-6) (Early Online Publication)

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Abstract

It has been proposed that intracranial pressure (ICP) elevation and collateral failure are responsible for unexplained early neurological deterioration (END) in stroke. The study’s aims were to investigate whether cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) dynamics, rather than edema, are responsible for elevation of ICP after ischemic stroke. Permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (pMCAO) was induced with an intraluminal filament. At 24 h after stroke, baseline ICP was measured and CSF dynamics were probed via a steady-state infusion method. Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging were performed to define cerebral ischemic damage and the volume of brain swelling. We found that the pMCAO group exhibited a significant increase in CSF outflow resistance (2.27 ± 0.15 mmHg μL−1 min) compared with the sham group (0.93 ± 0.06 mmHg μL−1 min, p = 0.002). There was no correlation between mean ICP at 24 h post-pMCAO and edema (r2 = − 0.03, p = 0.5) or infarct volumes (r2 = 0.09, p = 0.5). However, for the first time, we found a significant correlation between the baseline ICP at 24 h post-stroke and the value of CSF outflow resistance. Results show that CSF outflow resistance, rather than edema, was the mechanism responsible for ICP elevation following ischemic stroke. This challenges current concepts and suggests the possibility that intracranial hypertension may be occurring undetected in a much wider range of stroke patients than is currently considered to be the case. In addition, this further supports the hypothesis that unexplained early neurological deterioration is the result of elevated ICP, leading to reduced collateral flow and cerebral perfusion.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Early Online Publication
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Gallagher, Mrs Lindsay and Holmes, Dr William and McCabe, Dr Chris and Alshuhri, Mohammed Shenan S
Authors: Alshuhri, M. S., Gallagher, L., McCabe, C., and Holmes, W. M.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology
Journal Name:Translational Stroke Research
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1868-4483
ISSN (Online):1868-601X
Published Online:15 August 2019
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2019 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
First Published:First published in Translational Stroke Research 2019
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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