Purification and regulatory properties of isocitrate lyase from Escherichia coli ML308

MacKintosh, C. and Nimmo, H.G. (1988) Purification and regulatory properties of isocitrate lyase from Escherichia coli ML308. Biochemical Journal, 250(1), pp. 25-31. (doi: 10.1042/bj2500025) (PMID:3281659) (PMCID:PMC1148809)

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Abstract

Isocitrate lyase was purified to homogeneity from Escherichia coli ML308. Its subunit Mr and native Mr were 44,670 +/- 460 and 17,000-180,000 respectively. The kinetic mechanism of the enzyme was investigated by using product and dead-end inhibitors of the cleavage and condensation reactions. The data indicated a random-order equilibrium mechanism, with formation of a ternary enzyme-isocitrate-succinate complex. In an attempt to predict the properties of isocitrate lyase in intact cells, the effects of pH, inorganic anions and potential regulatory metabolites on the enzyme were studied. The Km of the enzyme for isocitrate was 63 microM at physiological pH and in the absence of competing anions. Chloride, phosphate and sulphate ions inhibited competitively with respect to isocitrate. Phosphoenolpyruvate inhibited non-competitively with respect to isocitrate, but the Ki value suggested that this effect was unlikely to be significant in intact cells. 3-Phosphoglycerate was a competitive inhibitor. At the concentration reported to occur in intact cells, this metabolite would have a significant effect on the activity of isocitrate lyase. The available data suggest that the Km of isocitrate lyase for isocitrate is similar to the concentration of isocitrate in E. coli cells growing on acetate, about one order of magnitude higher than the Km determined in vitro in the absence of competing anions.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Nimmo, Professor Hugh
Authors: MacKintosh, C., and Nimmo, H.G.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Molecular Cell and Systems Biology
Journal Name:Biochemical Journal
Publisher:Portland Press
ISSN:0264-6021
ISSN (Online):1470-8728

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