Illumination increases the phosphorylation state of maize leaf phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase by causing an increase in the activity of a protein kinase

McNaughton, G. A.L., MacKintosh, C., Fewson, C. A., Wilkins, M. B. and Nimmo, H. G. (1991) Illumination increases the phosphorylation state of maize leaf phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase by causing an increase in the activity of a protein kinase. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta: Molecular Cell Research, 1093(2-3), pp. 189-195. (doi: 10.1016/0167-4889(91)90122-E) (PMID:1863599)

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Abstract

Illumination of maize leaves increases the phosphorylation state of phospho enolpyruvate carboxylase and reduces the sensitivity of the enzyme to feedback inhibition by malate. Red, white and blue light were each found to be equally potent, and the effect of light was blocked by 3(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea. A phospho enolpyruvate carboxylase kinase was partially purified from illuminated maize leaves by a three-step procedure. Phosphorylation of phospho enolpyruvate carboxylase by this protein kinase reached 0.7–0.8 molecules/subunit and correlated with a 3- to 4-fold increase in Ki for malate. The protein kinase was inhibited by l-malate, but was insensitive to a number of other potential regulators. Freshly prepared and desalted extracts of darkened maize leaves contained very little kinase activity, but the activity appeared when leaves were illuminated for 30–60 min before extraction. The catalytic subunit of protein phosphatase 2A from rabbit skeletal muscle, but not that of protein phosphatase 1, could dephosphorylate phospho enolpyruvate carboxylase. The protein phosphatases 1 and 2A activities of maize leaves were not affected by illumination. It is suggested that the major means by which light stimulates the phosphorylation of phospho enolpyruvate carboxylase is by an increase in the activity of the protein kinase.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Nimmo, Professor Hugh
Authors: McNaughton, G. A.L., MacKintosh, C., Fewson, C. A., Wilkins, M. B., and Nimmo, H. G.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Molecular Cell and Systems Biology
Journal Name:Biochimica et Biophysica Acta: Molecular Cell Research
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0167-4889
ISSN (Online):1879-2596

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