Social and Child Care Provision and Kinship Networks: An Agent-Based Model

Gostoli, U. and Silverman, E. (2019) Social and Child Care Provision and Kinship Networks: An Agent-Based Model. In: 15th Annual Social Simulation Conference (SSC 2019), Mainz, Germany, 23-27 Sept 2019,

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Abstract

Providing for the needs of the vulnerable is a critical compo- nent of social and health policy-making. In particular, caring for children and for vulnerable older people is vital to the wellbeing of millions of families throughout the world. In most developed countries, this care is provided through both formal and informal means, and is therefore gov- erned by complex policies that interact in non-obvious ways with other areas of policy-making. In this paper we present an agent-based model of social and child care provision in the UK, in which agents can provide informal care or pay for private care for their relatives. Agents make care decisions based on numerous factors including their health status, em- ployment, financial situation, and social and physical distance to those in need. Simulation results show that the model can reproduce the ob- served patterns of care need and availability, and therefore can provide an important aid to this complex area of policy-making. We conclude that the model’s use of kinship networks for distributing care and the explicit modelling of interactions between social care and child care will enable policy-makers to develop more informed policy interventions in these critical areas.

Item Type:Conference Proceedings
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Gostoli, Dr Umberto and Silverman, Dr Eric
Authors: Gostoli, U., and Silverman, E.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > MRC/CSO SPHSU
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2019 The Authors
Publisher Policy:Reproduced with the permission of the Author
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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
727661SPHSU Core Renewal: Complexity in Health Improvement Research ProgrammeLaurence MooreMedical Research Council (MRC)MC_UU_12017/14IHW - MRC/CSO SPHU