Anxiety and depression mediate the relationship between insomnia symptoms and the personality traits of conscientiousness and emotional stability

Akram, U., Gardani, M., Akram, A. and Allen, S. (2019) Anxiety and depression mediate the relationship between insomnia symptoms and the personality traits of conscientiousness and emotional stability. Heliyon, 5(6), e01939. (doi:10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e01939) (PMID:31245649) (PMCID:PMC6581874)

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Abstract

This study examined the relationship between the Big Five personality traits and insomnia symptoms in the general population. Additionally, the mediating role of anxiety and depression was examined. Participants (N = 625) completed online measures of the big five personality traits and insomnia severity. Insomnia symptoms were independently related to extroversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, emotional stability, anxiety and depression in univariate analysis. Linear regression determined conscientiousness and emotional stability to be the only traits predicting insomnia symptoms. However, these relationships were at least partially mediated by anxiety and depression. Whilst reduced levels of conscientiousness and emotional stability has previously associated with poor sleep and insomnia, the current outcomes shed light on the mechanisms which serve to mediate this relationship.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Gardani, Dr Maria
Authors: Akram, U., Gardani, M., Akram, A., and Allen, S.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Psychology
Journal Name:Heliyon
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:2405-8440
ISSN (Online):2405-8440
Published Online:12 June 2019
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2019 The Authors
First Published:First published in Heliyon 5(6):e01939
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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